The Modern View of Atomic Structure; Atomic Weights (Sections)
The radius of an atom of gold (Au) is about 1.35 Å. (a) Express this distance in nanometers (nm) and in picometers (pm) (b) How many gold atoms would have to be lined up to span 1.0 mm? (c) If the atom is assumed to be a sphere, what is the volume in cm3 of a single Au atom?
AHS 102 EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE Works to Know and pictures are on the PowerPoints/study guides Dr. Phillips put up. This is a series of questions about the works in the order we went over them in order to help you think analytically. Vocab and comparisons included. Characteristics of the High Renaissance: Greater realism Interest in classicism (even more than before) More interest in human psychology Leonardo da Vinci Be familiar with what his sketchbook pages looked like and be able to tell what they are "Renaissance Man," dabbled in everything Oldest of the High Renaissance artists Nice man, agreeable Perfectionist Military service under Duke of Milan = testing out ideas for war machines (tanks, flying machines, crossbow, catapult) Works: Virgin and Child with St. Anne Sfumato = misty haze around the figure Why do Mary and St. Anne look so similar in age Why are they in a pyramidal composition Ginevra de Benci How is this different than Early Renaissance portraiture of women in Italy What do the juniper, laurel and palms (on the back of the piece) signify Mona Lisa Who was the woman posing for the portrait Why does it look like she has no eyebrows Know Copy of Mona Lisa (Prado version) was done by Leonardo's apprentice. The Last Supper Why is it so damaged Which figure is Judas Where is it located (Room in monastery) What is significant about the salt container knocked over Michelangelo Vasari loved him, called him "el divino" (divine one) Laocoon discovered in his lifetime, greatly influenced work Unrealistic goals for his works True love = sculpture David What moment in the story does this depict How is this David different than Donetello's and why is it the ultimate symbol of the high renaissance The Medci Tomb Why does some on the sculpture look like it wasn't meant to be there Lorenzo de Medici What was his personality (Reflected in sculpture) What do the figures below him represent Giulioano de Medici What was his personality What do the figures below him represent The Sistine Chapel Ceiling Who commissioned it What family was he from What stories from the Bible are in the middle Ignudi = male nude figures for decoration Sibyls = female prophets God Creating the World How is this different than previous representations of this subject God Creating Adam Why does Adam look lazy The Last Judgement Who commissioned it Who is holding the skin What does it represent What figure from Greek mythology is featured Raphael Polite, professional Got a ton of commissions Known well for Madonna and Child works died @ 37 from illness known for richness and clarity of color Stanza della Segnatura Where is this What was it (the room) originally The School of Athens (in Stanza della Senatura) Which figure looks like Leonardo and who is he (the figure) supposed to be from history Who is the interlocutor Which figure is supposed to be Michelangelo The Sistine Madonna What story is depicted here What do the colors Mary wear represent Madonna of the Meadows atmospheric perspective and pyramidal composition How is this Christchild different than others Mannerism Artists didn’t want to be compared to High Renaissance artists Start of challenging the conventions of art Bizarre, artists like to make the viewer uncomfortable Nymph, Benvento Cellini Who was it made for How do the figures compare to Michelangelo’s What is odd about the nymphs Assumption of the Virgin Why was the unflattering, odd looking foreshortening of the figures problematic Descent from the Cross How are the colors and mood different than Raphael’s treatment of the subject Self Portrait in a Convex mirror, Parmigianino How is this similar to Mantegna’s Dead Christ Madonna of the Long Neck What is odd about the mother/child relationship and the way Mary is holding the baby How does Mary’s outfit look different than the traditional depiction and what does it signify Palazzo del Te, Guilio Romano Why are there “bricked over” pediments and entrances (as well as a 3 pt decorative ribbon that drops down every third “brick”) The Renaissance Outside of Italy 16 centh The Isenheim Altarpiece, Mathias Grunewald Polyptych = many part altarpiece Where is this located and why is it significant What is the reason Christ’s arm appears to disconnect from his body when the altarpiece opens When it is open, the works have a much different mood. What is that supposed to be communicated to the specific audience by this mood Where is the scene (not a specific place) on the back and what is represented The Fall of Man, Albrecht Durer What medium was this Define “the peaceable kingdom.” Why is this important to the scene/moment in the story Netherlandish Proverbs, Peter Brueghel the Elder What are all of the villagers doing (In general) Know the proverb for each specific part shown on the study guide Adoration of the Magi, Hieromymous Bosch Who is depicted here that is rarely shown in religious art What is the background foreshadowing The Garden of Earthly Delights, Bosch Symbols everywhere, be able to explain them briefly Why are the alchemy shapes (partly disguised) problematic at the time (but he got away with it) Name one feature of Bosch’s hell that isn’t in any other work so far. The Italian Baroque 16 cent Supper at Emmaus, Caravaggio Vanitas Symbol = life is too short to be involved in material things Unconventional clothing of apostles Conversion of St. Paul What does the red cloth suggest Why could this piece be read as disrespectful The Death of the Virgin, Caravaggio How is this different than the Sistine Madonna (People around her, her clothing, etc) David, Gianlorenzo Bernini Compare to Donatello and Michelangelo’s David The oldest looking of the statues The Ecstacy of St. Teresa, Gianlorenzo What is the story How is the slightly problematic depiction of spiritual ecstasy meant to connect with the viewers Be familiar with Artemisia Gentileschi’s story and the names involved Judith and Holofernes, Artemisia Compare to Carravagio’s treatment of the subject Why did Artemisia paint this Susanna and the Elders, Artemisia What is the story How is this different than the usual treatment of the subject What do the colors of the cloths (both, on Susanna and the elders) represent The Dutch Baroque, 16 centh Know symbols! Know the stories/lesson for each one th French Baroque, 16 cent I’m not putting questions for this one b/c we covered it so recently Just know the political message behind all the works Remember it’s Louis XIV (14 ) th Comparing Renaissance with Italian Baroque Renaissance: Linear, closed form, multiplicity, absolute clarity Baroque: Painterly, open form, unity, relative clarity Comparing Catholic and Protestant works for Renaissance Outside of Italy Catholic: Pathos, appeals to emotion, bright colors Protestant: appeal to intellect, not as bright colors Comparing the Three Baroque Styles Italian: Large scale, religious works displayed publicly, Catholic Dutch: Small scale scenes, teach a lesson, Protestant, genre = everyday life, symbolism, not as decadent as Italian or French French: Large scale, political scenes, displayed publicly, Catholic (not as important b/c not a lot of religious scenes) ASTR 100 Study Guide Test #2 th If you still have questions, Dr. Berrington is holding a help session Sunday the 28 at 6pm in our regular classroom. Good luck! Aristotle o Geocentric model Didn’t see parallax o Greek Philosophy Earth, air, fire, water What significant discovery did Eratosthenes make How did he calculate it What is Aristarchus known for Motion of the sun = easterly Motion of Stars = westward Define ecliptic How much time does it take the earth to travel on its ecliptic around the sun Define period By what degree is the earth’s axis tilted Describe precession Be able to describe how the earth remains in a fixed orientation (gyroscope) Define and explain Mercator projection. Define cardinal directions Define equinox, be able to locate on the diagram showing the ecliptic and celestial equator Define solstice o Know when summer and winter are in the N and S Hemispheres Know the cause of seasons o The 2 effects of the tilt of the axis Be able to draw a bowl diagram with the path of the sun Define Zodiac Know the difference between Sidereal and Synodic Periods Be able to draw a diagram describing lunar phases and explain Know the difference between a Solar and Sidereal Day o Be able to explain them and the difference Know the types of spheroids. Which one is earth Know these astronomer’s contributions and the titles of their published works o Claudius Ptolemy, Ptolemy’s Almagest o Copernicus, De Revolutionibus Orbium How did his work influence the public view of astronomy/ the universe o Tycho Brahe, Typcho’s Nova o Galileo Galilei, Sidereus Nucius What are his observations and how did they impact astronomy o Johannes Kepler, Astonomia Nova Know his 3 laws of planetary motion o Sir Issac Newton, Principia Know his 3 laws of motion and the universal law of gravitation Define ellipse Be able to calculate the proportion of years and AU’s (Kepler’s 3 law of planetary motion) Describe the relationship of acceleration due to earth’s gravity and mass What are the two kinds of planetary orbits