- Chapter 1:
- Chapter 1: Introduction: Matter and Measurement
- Chapter 10:
- Chapter 10: Gases
- Chapter 11:
- Chapter 11: Liquids and Intermolecular Forces
- Chapter 12:
- Chapter 12: Solids and Modern Materials
- Chapter 13:
- Chapter 13: Properties of Solutions
- Chapter 14:
- Chapter 14: Chemical Kinetics
- Chapter 15:
- Chapter 15: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter 16:
- Chapter 16: AcidBase Equilibria
- Chapter 17:
- Chapter 17: Additional Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria
- Chapter 18:
- Chapter 18: Chemistry of the Environment
- Chapter 19:
- Chapter 19: Chemical Thermodynamics
- Chapter 2:
- Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
- Chapter 20:
- Chapter 20: Electrochemistry
- Chapter 21:
- Chapter 21: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter 22:
- Chapter 22: Chemistry of the Nonmetals
- Chapter 23:
- Chapter 23: Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry
- Chapter 24:
- Chapter 24: The Chemistry of Life: Organic and Biological Chemistry
- Chapter 3:
- Chapter 3: Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations
- Chapter 4:
- Chapter 4: Reactions in Aqueous Solution
- Chapter 5:
- Chapter 5: Thermochemistry
- Chapter 6:
- Chapter 6: Electronic Structure of Atoms
- Chapter 7:
- Chapter 7: Periodic Properties of the Elements
- Chapter 8:
- Chapter 8: Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding
- Chapter 9:
- Chapter 9: Molecular Geometry and Bonding Theories
- Chapter A:
Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition
The process by which a liquid rises in a tube because of a combination of adhesion to the walls of the tube and cohesion between liquid particles. (Section 11.3)
A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.
The species formed when an acid transfers a proton to a base
A complex polymer resulting from the polymerization of two or more chemically different monomers. (Section 12.8)
Similarities between pairs of elements in different groups and periods of the periodic table. (8.6)
A compound with the structure R!S!S!R.
electrospray ionization (ESI):
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.
A reaction that involves the addition of X2 (either Br2 or Cl2) across an alkene.
A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.
In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a hydrogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.
A biomolecule isolated from plant or animal sources by extraction with nonpolar organic solvents, such as diethyl ether and hexane.
The NO2+ ion, which is present in a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid.
A compound with a weak bond that undergoes homolytic bond cleavage with great ease, producing radicals that can initiate a radical chain process.
A radioisotope that can be used to trace the path of an element in a chemical system. (Section 21.5)
A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.
The combination of a Michael addition followed by an aldol condensation to form a ring.
A reaction in which one stereoisomer is formed in preference to all others. A stereoselective reaction may be enantioselective or diastereoselective, as the case may be.
Constitutional isomers that rapidly interconvert via the migration of a proton.
The carbon atoms of a carbon-carbon double bond.
An internal salt of an amino acid; the carboxylate is negatively charged, and the ammonium group is positively charged