- Chapter 1: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
- Chapter 1: Properties Of Solutions
- Chapter 10: Electronic Structure of Atoms
- Chapter 10: Chemistry of the Environment
- Chapter 11: Liquids And Intermolecular Forces
- Chapter 11: Chemistry of the Environment
- Chapter 12: Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding
- Chapter 12: Chemical Thermodynamics
- Chapter 13: Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding
- Chapter 13: Chemical Thermodynamics
- Chapter 14: Electronic Structure of Atoms
- Chapter 14: Electrochemistry
- Chapter 15: Gases
- Chapter 15: Electrochemistry
- Chapter 16: Liquids And Intermolecular Forces
- Chapter 16: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter 17: Gases
- Chapter 17: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter 18: Solids And Modern Materials
- Chapter 18: Chemistry of the Nonmetals
- Chapter 19: Molecular Geometry And Bonding Theories
- Chapter 19: Chemistry of the Nonmetals
- Chapter 2: Introduction: Matter and Measurement
- Chapter 2: Chemical Kinetics
- Chapter 20: Molecular Geometry And Bonding Theories
- Chapter 20: Transition Metals And Coordination Chemistry
- Chapter 21: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
- Chapter 21: Transition Metals And Coordination Chemistry
- Chapter 22: Solids And Modern Materials
- Chapter 22: The Chemistry Of Life: Organic And Biological Chemistry
- Chapter 23: Properties Of Solutions
- Chapter 23: The Chemistry Of Life: Organic And Biological Chemistry
- Chapter 24: Periodic Properties Of The Elements
- Chapter 24: The Chemistry of Life: Organic and Biological Chemistry
- Chapter 3: Introduction: Matter and Measurement
- Chapter 3: Chemical Kinetics
- Chapter 4: Reactions In Aqueous Solution
- Chapter 4: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter 5: Stoichiometry: Calculations With Chemical Formulas And Equations
- Chapter 5: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter 6: Stoichiometry: Calculations With Chemical Formulas And Equations
- Chapter 6: Acid–Base Equilibria
- Chapter 7: Reactions In Aqueous Solution
- Chapter 7: Acid–Base Equilibria
- Chapter 8: Thermochemistry
- Chapter 8: Additional Aspects Of Aqueous Equilibria
- Chapter 9: Thermochemistry
- Chapter 9: Additional Aspects Of Aqueous Equilibria
- Chapter A: Periodic Properties Of The Elements
Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition
A molecule containing two !OR or !OAr groups bonded to the same carbon
The resonancestabilized, cationic intermediate of a Friedel-Crafts acylation, formed by treating an acyl halide with aluminum trichloride.
A substituent lacking p bonds and comprised of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
An addition reaction in which a hydrogen atom is installed at the more substituted vinylic position and another group (such as a halogen) is installed at the less substituted vinylic position.
A group that can be readily installed and uninstalled. Used for regiochemical control during synthesis.
Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)
A !COOH group.
During polymerization, the growth of a branch connected to the main chain.
A separation method involving passing a vapor or solution mixture through a column packed with a material with different affi nities for different components of the mixture.
The breakdown of a compound into two or more components. (4.4)
A reaction in which the enthalpy of the products is lower than that of the reactants; a reaction in which heat is released.
For cyclohexane, the steric interactions that occur between the flagpole hydrogen atoms in a boat conformation.
A conformation that exhibits a gauche interaction.
The general name given to a group of polysaccharides of glucose that are synthesized in mammals and used to store energy from carbohydrates. (Section 24.7)
heat of reaction
The heat given off during a reaction.
A polymer constructed from a single type of monomer.
A process in which a substance loses one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)
A graphic representation of the equilibria among the solid, liquid, and gaseous phases of a substance as a function of temperature and pressure. (Section 11.6)
A radioisotope that can be used to trace the path of an element in a chemical system. (Section 21.5)
A vibrational molecular spectroscopy that is complementary to infrared (IR) spectroscopy in that infrared inactive vibrations are seen in Raman spectroscopy.
A compound that contains two SR groups, both of which are connected to the same carbon atom.