- Chapter 1:
- Chapter 1: Introduction: Matter and Measurement
- Chapter 10:
- Chapter 10: Gases
- Chapter 11:
- Chapter 11: Liquids and Intermolecular Forces
- Chapter 12:
- Chapter 12: Solids and Modern Materials
- Chapter 13:
- Chapter 13: Properties of Solutions
- Chapter 14:
- Chapter 14: Chemical Kinetics
- Chapter 15:
- Chapter 15: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter 16:
- Chapter 16: AcidBase Equilibria
- Chapter 17:
- Chapter 17: Additional Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria
- Chapter 18:
- Chapter 18: Chemistry of the Environment
- Chapter 19:
- Chapter 19: Chemical Thermodynamics
- Chapter 2:
- Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
- Chapter 20:
- Chapter 20: Electrochemistry
- Chapter 21:
- Chapter 21: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter 22:
- Chapter 22: Chemistry of the Nonmetals
- Chapter 23:
- Chapter 23: Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry
- Chapter 24:
- Chapter 24: The Chemistry of Life: Organic and Biological Chemistry
- Chapter 3:
- Chapter 3: Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations
- Chapter 4:
- Chapter 4: Reactions in Aqueous Solution
- Chapter 5:
- Chapter 5: Thermochemistry
- Chapter 6:
- Chapter 6: Electronic Structure of Atoms
- Chapter 7:
- Chapter 7: Periodic Properties of the Elements
- Chapter 8:
- Chapter 8: Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding
- Chapter 9:
- Chapter 9: Molecular Geometry and Bonding Theories
- Chapter A:
Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition
The process of introducing an acyl group, RCO! or ArCO!, onto an organic molecule.
The product formed when the C"O group of a monosaccharide is reduced to a CHOH group.
A compound containing a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals with 4n+2p electrons.
Bonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals
A system that enables the exchange of energy (usually in the form of heat) but not mass with its surroundings. (6.2)
A chemical reaction in which a single compound reacts to give two or more products. (Section 3.2)
Nonequivalent protons for which the replacement test produces diastereomers.
A symbol used to show that structures on either side of it are resonance-contributing structures
A cyclic ester.
A !CH2! group.
The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per kilogram of solvent; abbreviated m. (Section 13.4)
In mass spectrometry, an odd molecular weight indicates an odd number of nitrogen atoms in the compound, while an even molecular weight indicates either an even number of nitrogen atoms or the absence of nitrogen.
A device that uses strong magnetic and electrostatic fields to accelerate charged particles. (Section 21.3)
Polar covalent bond
A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is between approximately 0.5 and 1.9.
An instrument for measuring the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light.
Any chemical species that contains one or more unpaired electrons.
A special type of stereoselective reaction in which the stereochemistry of the product is dependent on the stereochemistry of the starting material.
A triester formed from glycerol and three long-chain carboxylic acids.
In IR spectroscopy, the energy of a photon is absorbed and temporarily stored as vibrational energy
A process that involves the removal of a carbon atom from an aldose. The aldehyde group is first converted to a cyanohydrin, followed by loss of HCN in the presence of a base.