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Many carboxylic acids are much better known by their common names than by their

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano ISBN: 9780073402741 326

Solution for problem 18.13 Chapter 18

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

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Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

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Problem 18.13

Many carboxylic acids are much better known by their common names than by their systematic names. Some of these follow. Provide a structural formula for each one on the basis of its systematic name. (a) 2-Hydroxypropanoic acid (better known as lactic acid, it is found in sour milk and is formed in the muscles during exercise) (b) 2-Hydroxy-2-phenylethanoic acid (also known as mandelic acid, it is obtained from plums, peaches, and other fruits) (c) Tetradecanoic acid (also known as myristic acid, it can be obtained from a variety of fats) (d) 10-Undecenoic acid (also called undecylenic acid, it is used, in combination with its zinc salt, to treat fungal infections such as athletes foot) 763 car02745_ch18_736-769.indd 763 10/9/12 1:32 PM (e) 3,5-Dihydroxy-3-methylpentanoic acid (also called mevalonic acid, it is an important intermediate in the biosynthesis of terpenes and steroids) (f) (E)-2-Methyl-2-butenoic acid (also known as tiglic acid, it is a constituent of various natural oils) (g) 2-Hydroxybutanedioic acid (also known as malic acid, it is found in apples and other fruits) (h) 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid (better known as citric acid, it contributes to the tart taste of citrus fruits) (i) 2-(p-Isobutylphenyl)propanoic acid (an antiinflammatory drug better known as ibuprofen) (j) o-Hydroxybenzenecarboxylic acid (better known as salicylic acid, it is obtained from willow bark)

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Chapter 1 – Matter and Measurements o 3 phases o Solid – fixed shape and volume o Liquid – fixed volume but is not rigid in shape o Gas – neither a fixed volume nor a shape o Pure substances are either elements or compounds o Element – type of matter that cannot be broken down into two or more pure substances  118 known, 91 occur naturally o Compound...

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Chapter 18, Problem 18.13 is Solved
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry,
Edition: 9
Author: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano
ISBN: 9780073402741

Since the solution to 18.13 from 18 chapter was answered, more than 229 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 375 chapters, and 1430 solutions. The answer to “Many carboxylic acids are much better known by their common names than by their systematic names. Some of these follow. Provide a structural formula for each one on the basis of its systematic name. (a) 2-Hydroxypropanoic acid (better known as lactic acid, it is found in sour milk and is formed in the muscles during exercise) (b) 2-Hydroxy-2-phenylethanoic acid (also known as mandelic acid, it is obtained from plums, peaches, and other fruits) (c) Tetradecanoic acid (also known as myristic acid, it can be obtained from a variety of fats) (d) 10-Undecenoic acid (also called undecylenic acid, it is used, in combination with its zinc salt, to treat fungal infections such as athletes foot) 763 car02745_ch18_736-769.indd 763 10/9/12 1:32 PM (e) 3,5-Dihydroxy-3-methylpentanoic acid (also called mevalonic acid, it is an important intermediate in the biosynthesis of terpenes and steroids) (f) (E)-2-Methyl-2-butenoic acid (also known as tiglic acid, it is a constituent of various natural oils) (g) 2-Hydroxybutanedioic acid (also known as malic acid, it is found in apples and other fruits) (h) 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid (better known as citric acid, it contributes to the tart taste of citrus fruits) (i) 2-(p-Isobutylphenyl)propanoic acid (an antiinflammatory drug better known as ibuprofen) (j) o-Hydroxybenzenecarboxylic acid (better known as salicylic acid, it is obtained from willow bark)” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 212 words. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 18.13 from chapter: 18 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 03/05/18, 08:00PM. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9.

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