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Solutions for Chapter 18: Carboxylic Acids

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 18: Carboxylic Acids

Solutions for Chapter 18
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry,
Edition: 9
Author: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano
ISBN: 9780073402741

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 26 problems in chapter 18: Carboxylic Acids have been answered, more than 27803 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 18: Carboxylic Acids includes 26 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • androgens

    Male sex hormones.

  • Aromatic amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one or more aryl groups.

  • back-side attack

    In SN2 reactions, the side opposite the leaving group, which is where the nucleophile attacks.

  • chiral

    A term describing a molecule or an ion that cannot be superimposed on its mirror image. (Sections 23.4 and 24.5)

  • Dihedral angle

    The angle created by two intersecting planes.

  • enzymes

    Important biological molecules that catalyze virtually all cellular processes.

  • equilibrium

    For a reaction, a state in which there is no longer an observable change in the concentrations of reactants and products.

  • Geminal coupling

    Spin-spin coupling that occurs between nonequivalent H atoms bonded to the same C atom. The H atoms are generally nonequivalent owing to restricted bond rotation in the molecule

  • glycogen

    The general name given to a group of polysaccharides of glucose that are synthesized in mammals and used to store energy from carbohydrates. (Section 24.7)

  • gray (Gy)

    The SI unit for radiation dose

  • hydrophilic

    A polar group that has favorable interactions with water.

  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.

  • irreversible process

    A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)

  • Para (p)

    Refers to groups occupying l,4-positions on a benzene ring

  • partial pressure

    The pressure exerted by a particular gas in a mixture. (Section 10.6)

  • positron

    A particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, 0 +1e, or b+. (Section 21.1)

  • Pyranose

    A six-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.

  • R (Section 3.3)

    From the Latin, rectus, straight, correct; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is clockwise.

  • radioisotope

    An isotope that is radioactive; that is, it is undergoing nuclear changes with emission of radiation. (Section 21.1)

  • Thermoplastic

    A polymer that can be melted and molded into a shape that is retained when it is cooled.

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