Describing and Calculating Energy Changes

A bowler lifts a 5.4-kg (12-lb) bowling ball from ground level to a height of 1.6 m (5.2 ft) and then drops it.

(a) What happens to the potential energy of the ball as it is raised? (b) What quantity of work, in J, is used to raise the ball? (c) After the ball is dropped, it gains kinetic energy. If all the work done in part(b) has been converted to kinetic energy by the time the ball strikes the ground, what is the ball’s speed just before it hits the ground? (Note: The force due to gravity is F = m × g, where m is the mass of the object and g is the gravitational constant; g = 9.8 m/s2.)

What is the kinetic energy, in J, of (a) an Ar atom moving at a speed of 650 m/s, (b) a mole of Ar atoms moving at 650 m/s? (Hint: 1 amu = 1.66 × 10-27 kg.)