Consider the following reagents: zinc, copper, mercury (density 13.6 g/mL), silver nitrate solution, nitric acid solution. (a) Given a 500-mL Erlenmeyer flask and a balloon can you combine two or more of the foregoing reagents to initiate a chemical reaction that will inflate the balloon? Write a balanced chemical equation to represent this process. What is the identity of the substance that inflates the balloon? (b) What is the theoretical yield of the substance that fills the balloon? (c) Can you combine two or more of the foregoing reagents to initiate a chemical reaction that will produce metallic silver? Write a balanced chemical equation to represent this process. What ions are left behind in solution? (d) What is the theoretical yield of silver?
Intro to Social Problems 3/8/16 & 3/10/16 GAPS • Economic Discrimination o Patterns of consistent discrimination-‐ minorities less likely to get interviews and job offers/ social networks play a strong role § Social Audits= people (“testers”) w/ same skills and background varying by race are sent in to apply to same jobs (G.A.O.); Black and Latino testers receive on avg. 25% fewer interviews (than white) and 34% fewer job offers § Your name on resume can result in discrimination-‐ Black sounding names received 50% fewer call backs § Homosocial reproduction: leaders want to hire people who think like them to perpetuate their ideas § Employment Agencies= discriminated against AA at a rate of 60% o ** Devah Pager: studied the effect of the criminal record on employment § AA w/ criminal record-‐call back= 5%; w/o-‐ Call back rate=14% § White w/ record-‐ call back rate= 17%; w/o-‐ call back rate= 34% o Unemployment § U.S. rate of unemployment= 5.2% ú White= 4.5% ú Black= 9.5% ú Latino=6.5% ú Asian= 3.7% o Acts of Discrimination in the workplace § Docking pay based on race, minorities forced to use separate facilities, using derogatory terms • Lifetime Earnings gaps large o Cost of Being Black= 10% pay cut o Raced pay gap stable since 1970s o Ways to change: § Hide names, open salary data, job specific testing, restructuring interview process, safety net for whistle-‐blowers, affirmative action, Ban the Box o Affirmative action: government policy saying that qualified minority members have to be given preferential treatment § Diagnosis-‐ effort to correct prior transgenerational oppression o Surplus/deficit of power for majority/minority groups: § Majority group justifies power by -‐ 1) God, 2)Nature, 3) blaming minority • Education Inequality in education: o 1) Funding: differences in facilities, course offerings, teacher quality , extracurricular activities o 2) Admissions: legacy admissions (Harvard admits less than 10% of applicants, but accept 30-‐40% of legacy apps) o 3) Segregation: ATL-‐ 13% of city schools are 13% White; most AA and L atino students attend “minority dominated” schools o 4) Tracking: minority students 3x more likely to be tracked in vocational ed. o 5)Punishment: black student suspended/expelled 3x the rate of white students; black pre-‐school rep. 18% of preschoolers, but make up 48% of suspensions of 1+ times § “School to prison pipeline” brought about by school resource officers bringing students to the justice sy stem on a first offense o 6) Degrees earned: 34% is the rate (Bachelor’s) § White Americans -‐ 40% § Native Americans-‐ 17% § Latino Americans-‐ 16% § African Americans-‐ 21% § Asian Americans-‐ 60% § Multi-‐Racial-‐ 30% § Black men w/ master’s degrees earn less than white men w/ Bachelor’s § Black men w/ college degrees are as likely to be employed as white college dropouts • Policing o Suspicion 3/13/16 11:41 AM 3/13/16 11:41 AM