- Chapter 1:
- Chapter 10:
- Chapter 11:
- Chapter 12:
- Chapter 13:
- Chapter 14:
- Chapter 15:
- Chapter 16:
- Chapter 17:
- Chapter 18:
- Chapter 19:
- Chapter 2:
- Chapter 20:
- Chapter 21:
- Chapter 22:
- Chapter 23:
- Chapter 24:
- Chapter 25:
- Chapter 3:
- Chapter 4:
- Chapter 5:
- Chapter 6:
- Chapter 7:
- Chapter 8:
- Chapter 9:
Chemistry 11th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry | 11th Edition
An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals. (21.2)
An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.
A ligand in which two linked coordinating atoms are bound to a metal. (Section 23.3)
A unit of energy; it is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1 °C from 14.5 °C to 15.5 °C. A related unit is the joule: 1 cal = 4.184 J. (Section 5.1)
An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.
The C “O double bond, a characteristic feature of several organic functional groups, such as ketones and aldehydes. (Section 24.4)
A form of carbon produced when wood is heated strongly in a deficiency of air. (Section 22.9)
chemical shift (d)
In an NMR spectrum, the location of a signal, defined relative to the frequency of absorption of a reference compound, tetramethylsilane (TMS).
A compound in which two p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.
The process in which molecules, ions, or atoms come together to form a crystalline solid. (Section 13.2)
A form of isomerism in which compounds with the same type and number of atoms and the same chemical bonds have different spatial arrangements of these atoms and bonds. (Sections 23.4 and 24.4)
The equilibrium that is established between an enol and a ketone in either acid-catalyzed or basecatalyzed conditions.
A cyclic ester.
From the Greek meaning nucleus-loving. Any species that can donate a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis base
Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.
A compound that is similar in structure to pyridine but contains one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.
A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A clockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as R.
sigma (s) bond
A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.
Ions that go through a reaction unchanged and that appear on both sides of the complete ionic equation. (Section 4.2)
A conformation in which nearby groups in a Newman projection have a dihedral angle of 60°.