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Solutions for Chapter 15: Energy and Chemical Change

Chemistry: Matter & Change | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780078746376 | Authors: McGraw-Hill Education

Full solutions for Chemistry: Matter & Change | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780078746376

Chemistry: Matter & Change | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780078746376 | Authors: McGraw-Hill Education

Solutions for Chapter 15: Energy and Chemical Change

Solutions for Chapter 15
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Textbook: Chemistry: Matter & Change
Edition: 1
Author: McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 9780078746376

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 127 problems in chapter 15: Energy and Chemical Change have been answered, more than 61317 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 15: Energy and Chemical Change includes 127 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: Matter & Change, edition: 1. Chemistry: Matter & Change was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780078746376.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid-dissociation constant (Ka)

    An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)

  • addition reaction.

    A reaction in which one molecule adds to another. (24.2)

  • autoionization

    The process whereby water spontaneously forms low concentrations of H+1aq2 and OH-1aq2 ions by proton transfer from one water molecule to another. (Section 16.3)

  • Avogadro’s number (NA).

    6.022 3 1023; the number of particles in a mole. (3.2)

  • Cope rearrangement

    A [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangement in which all six atoms of the cyclic transition state are carbon atoms.

  • dissolving metal reduction

    A reaction in which an alkyne is converted into a trans alkene.

  • entropy

    The measure of disorder associated with a system.

  • Fischer projections

    A drawing style that is often used when dealing with compounds bearing multiple chirality centers, especially for carbohydrates. (See also Sect. 5.7.)

  • Hofmann elimination

    A reaction in which an amino group is treated with excess methyl iodide, thereby converting it into an excellent leaving group, followed by treatment with a strong base to give an E2 reaction that yields an alkene.

  • isothermal process

    One that occurs at constant temperature. (Section 19.1)

  • Kelvin scale

    The absolute temperature scale; the SI unit for temperature is the kelvin. Zero on the Kelvin scale corresponds to -273.15 °C. (Section 1.4)

  • Lipid bilayer

    A back-to-back arrangement of phospholipid monolayers, often forming a closed vesicle or membrane.

  • migratory aptitude

    In a BaeyerVilliger oxidation, the migration rates of different groups, which determine the regiochemical outcome of the reaction.

  • particle accelerator

    A device that uses strong magnetic and electrostatic fields to accelerate charged particles. (Section 21.3)

  • Photodynamic therapy

    Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.

  • polar molecule

    A molecule that possesses a nonzero dipole moment. (Section 8.4)

  • property

    A characteristic that gives a sample of matter its unique identity. (Section 1.1)

  • staggered conformation

    A conformation in which nearby groups in a Newman projection have a dihedral angle of 60°.

  • Tertiary (3°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to three carbons

  • Wavenumbers (—n )

    The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).

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