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Solutions for Chapter 4: Chemistry 8th Edition

Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780547125329 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780547125329

Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780547125329 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 4

Solutions for Chapter 4
4 5 0 260 Reviews
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Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9780547125329

Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547125329. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 8. Since 137 problems in chapter 4 have been answered, more than 125334 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 4 includes 137 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Antibonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electrons have a higher energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals

  • bicyclic

    A structure containing two rings that are fused together.

  • C-Terminal amino acid

    The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !COOH group.

  • catenation.

    The ability of the atoms of an element to form bonds with one another. (22.3)

  • chain-growth polymer

    A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.

  • chromatogram

    In gas chromatography, a plot that identifies the retention time of each compound in the mixture.

  • condensation polymerization

    Polymerization in which molecules are joined together through condensation reactions. (Section 12.8)

  • Conjugate addition

    Addition of a nucleophile to the b-carbon of an a,b-unsaturated carbonyl compound. (Section 20.2A) Addition to carbons 1 and 4 of a conjugated diene.

  • critical mass

    The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)

  • exo

    In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are anti to the larger bridge.

  • ideal solution

    A solution that obeys Raoult’s law. (Section 13.5)

  • l-Monosaccharide

    A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the left.

  • Lindlar catalyst

    Finely powdered palladium metal deposited on solid calcium carbonate that has been specially modifi ed with lead salts. Its particular use is as a catalyst for the reduction of an alkyne to a cis alkene

  • nonmetallic elements (nonmetals)

    Elements in the upper right corner of the periodic table; nonmetals differ from metals in their physical and chemical properties. (Section 2.5)

  • Optical purity

    The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.

  • oxime

    A compound with the structure R2CRN!OH.

  • oxyacid

    A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)

  • peptide bond

    A bond formed between two amino acids. (Section 24.7)

  • prosthetic group

    A nonprotein unit attached to a protein, such as heme in hemoglobin.

  • standard atmospheric pressure

    Defined as 760 torr or, in SI units, 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2)

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