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Solutions for Chapter 3: Stoichiometry

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9781305581982

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 3: Stoichiometry

Solutions for Chapter 3
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Textbook: Chemical Principles
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781305581982

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemical Principles, edition: 8. Chemical Principles was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305581982. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 3: Stoichiometry includes 146 full step-by-step solutions. Since 146 problems in chapter 3: Stoichiometry have been answered, more than 34694 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activated complex.

    The species temporarily formed by the reactant molecules as a result of the collision before they form the product. (13.4)

  • arenium ion

    The positively charged, resonance-stabilized, intermediate of anelectrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. Also called a sigma complex.

  • beta elimination

    An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.

  • Cis, trans isomers

    Stereoisomers that have the same connectivity but a different arrangement of their atoms in space as a result of the presence of either a ring or a carboncarbon double bond.

  • Dipole-dipole interaction

    The attraction between the positive end of one dipole and the negative end of another.

  • gas

    Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the volume and shape of its container. (Section 1.2)

  • intermediate

    A substance formed in one elementary step of a multistep mechanism and consumed in another; it is neither a reactant nor an ultimate product of the overall reaction. (Section 14.6)

  • Lipid bilayer

    A back-to-back arrangement of phospholipid monolayers, often forming a closed vesicle or membrane.

  • loss of a leaving group

    One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.

  • mass spectrum

    In mass spectrometry,a plot that shows the relative abundance ofeach cation that was detected.

  • Molecular spectroscopy

    The study of which frequencies of radiation are absorbed or emitted by a particular substance and the correlation of these frequencies with details of molecular structure.

  • nitrosonium ion

    The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.

  • noble gases

    Members of group 8A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)

  • Nucleotide

    A nucleoside in which a molecule of phosphoric acid is esterifi ed with an !OH of the monosaccharide, most commonly either the 39!OH or the 59!OH.

  • Optical purity

    The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.

  • oxymercuration-demercuration

    A two-step process for the Markovnikov addition of water across an alkene. With this process, carbocation rearrangements do not occur.

  • phenolate

    The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.

  • strong activators

    Groups that strongly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly enhancing the rate of the reaction.

  • Valence electrons

    Electrons in the valence (outermost) shell of an atom.

  • ylide

    A compound with two oppositely charged atoms adjacent to each other.

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