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Solutions for Chapter 18: The Representative Elements

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9781305581982

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 18: The Representative Elements

Solutions for Chapter 18
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Textbook: Chemical Principles
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781305581982

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemical Principles, edition: 8. Since 133 problems in chapter 18: The Representative Elements have been answered, more than 51776 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 18: The Representative Elements includes 133 full step-by-step solutions. Chemical Principles was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305581982. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amino acid

    A carboxylic acid that contains an amino 1¬NH22 group attached to the carbon atom adjacent to the carboxylic acid 1¬COOH2 functional group. (Section 24.7)

  • atmosphere (atm)

    A unit of pressure equal to 760 torr; 1 atm = 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2) atom The smallest representative particle of an element. (Sections 1.1 and 2.1)

  • battery

    A self-contained electrochemical power source that contains one or more voltaic cells. (Section 20.7)

  • chemically equivalent

    In NMR spectroscopy, protons (or carbon atoms) that occupy identical electronic environments and produce only one signal.

  • concentration cell

    A voltaic cell containing the same electrolyte and the same electrode materials in both the anode and cathode compartments. The emf of the cell is derived from a difference in the concentrations of the same electrolyte solutions in the compartments. (Section 20.6)

  • Confi gurational isomers

    Isomers that differ by the confi guration of substituents on an atom. Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter

  • E1

    A unimolecular elimination reaction.

  • Hemiacetal

    A molecule containing an !OH and an !OR or !OAr group bonded to the same carbon

  • lecithins

    Phosphoglycerides thatcontain choline.

  • Octet rule

    Group 1A–7A elements react to achieve an outer shell of eight valence electrons.

  • optical isomerism

    A form of isomerism in which the two forms of a compound (stereoisomers) are nonsuperimposable mirror images. (Section 23.4)

  • peptidases

    A variety of enzymes that selectively hydrolyze specific peptide bonds.

  • polycarbonates

    Polymers that are similar in structure to polyesters but with repeating carbonate groups (!O!CO2!) instead of repeating ester groups (!CO2!). polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

  • polynucleotide

    A polymer constructed from nucleotides linked together.

  • retro Diels-Alder reaction

    The reverse of a Diels-Alder reaction, achieved at high temperature. A cyclohexene derivative is converted into a diene and a dienophile.

  • Sanger dideoxy method

    A method developed by Frederick Sanger for sequencing DNA molecules

  • terminal alkynes

    Compounds with the following structure: R!C#C!H

  • transport protein

    A protein used to transport molecules or ions from one location to another. Hemoglobin is a classic example of a transport protein, used to transport molecular oxygen from the lungs to all the tissues of the body.

  • Vicinal coupling

    a !CH"CH2 group

  • Zaitsev’s rule

    A rule stating that the major product of a b-elimination reaction is the most stable alkene; that is, it is the alkene with the greatest number of substituents on the carboncarbon double bond

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