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Solutions for Chapter 22: Carbonyl Alpha-Substitution Reactions

Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781305080485 | Authors: John E. McMurry

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9781305080485

Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781305080485 | Authors: John E. McMurry

Solutions for Chapter 22: Carbonyl Alpha-Substitution Reactions

Solutions for Chapter 22
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 9
Author: John E. McMurry
ISBN: 9781305080485

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 9. Chapter 22: Carbonyl Alpha-Substitution Reactions includes 69 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305080485. Since 69 problems in chapter 22: Carbonyl Alpha-Substitution Reactions have been answered, more than 134370 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aceto group

    A CH3CO! group; also called an acetyl group

  • acidic anhydride (acidic oxide)

    An oxide that forms an acid when added to water; soluble nonmetal oxides are acidic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)

  • alkanes.

    Hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n12, where n 5 1,2, . . . . (24.2)

  • Alkoxy group

    An !OR group where R is an alkyl group

  • alkynes.

    Hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds. They have the general formula CnH2n22, where n 5 2,3, . . . . (24.2)

  • chain reaction

    A series of reactions in which one reaction initiates the next. (Section 21.7)

  • crystallization.

    The process in which dissolved solute comes out of solution and forms crystals. (12.1)

  • fuel value

    The energy released when 1 g of a substance is combusted. (Section 5.8)

  • functional group

    A characteristic group of atoms/bonds that possess a predictable chemical behavior.

  • half-life

    The time required for the concentration of a reactant substance to decrease to half its initial value; the time required for half of a sample of a particular radioisotope to decay. (Sections 14.4 and 21.4)

  • heterogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that is in a different phase from that of the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)

  • irreversible process

    A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)

  • Ka

    A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4

  • Levorotatory

    Refers to a substance that rotates the plane of polarized light to the left.

  • physical properties

    Properties that can be measured without changing the composition of a substance, for example, color and freezing point. (Section 1.3)

  • Polar covalent bond

    A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is between approximately 0.5 and 1.9.

  • primary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to only one alkyl group.

  • sigma (s) bond

    A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.

  • Specifi c rotation

    The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).

  • Substitution

    A reaction in which an atom or group of atoms in a compound is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.