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Solutions for Chapter 22: Carbonyl Alpha-Substitution Reactions

Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781305080485 | Authors: John E. McMurry

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9781305080485

Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781305080485 | Authors: John E. McMurry

Solutions for Chapter 22: Carbonyl Alpha-Substitution Reactions

Solutions for Chapter 22
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 9
Author: John E. McMurry
ISBN: 9781305080485

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 9. Chapter 22: Carbonyl Alpha-Substitution Reactions includes 69 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305080485. Since 69 problems in chapter 22: Carbonyl Alpha-Substitution Reactions have been answered, more than 40443 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amino sugars

    Carbohydrate derivatives in which an OH group has been replaced with an amino group.

  • battery.

    A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)

  • bond dipole

    The dipole moment that is due to unequal electron sharing between two atoms in a covalent bond. (Section 9.3)

  • calorimetry.

    The measurement of heat changes. (6.5)

  • chemical energy.

    Energy stored within the structural units of chemical substances. (6.1)

  • Chromatography

    A separation method involving passing a vapor or solution mixture through a column packed with a material with different affi nities for different components of the mixture.

  • configuration

    The 3D spatial orientation of the groups connected to a chirality center (R or S ) or of the groups in a stereoisiomeric alkene (E or Z).

  • Conjugate addition

    Addition of a nucleophile to the b-carbon of an a,b-unsaturated carbonyl compound. (Section 20.2A) Addition to carbons 1 and 4 of a conjugated diene.

  • Cyanohydrin

    A molecule containing an !OH group and a !CN group bonded to the same carbon.

  • Dalton’s law of partial pressures

    A law stating that the total pressure of a mixture of gases is the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (Section 10.6)

  • diene

    A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds.

  • electromotive force (emf)

    A measure of the driving force, or electrical pressure, for the completion of an electrochemical reaction. Electromotive force is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called the cell potential. (Section 20.4)

  • Enol

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group bonded to a doubly bonded carbon atom.

  • frequency

    For electromagnetic radiation, the number of wavelengths that pass a particular point in space per unit time.

  • isoelectronic series

    A series of atoms, ions, or molecules having the same number of electrons. (Section 7.3)

  • liquid crystal

    A substance that exhibits one or more partially ordered liquid phases above the melting point of the solid form. By contrast, in nonliquid crystalline substances the liquid phase that forms upon melting is completely unordered. (Section 11.7)

  • Nitrogen rule

    A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio

  • second-order reaction

    A reaction in which the overall reaction order (the sum of the concentration- term exponents) in the rate law is 2. (Section 14.4)

  • Secondary structure of nucleic acids

    The ordered arrangement of nucleic acid strands

  • sulfonation

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an SO3H group is installed on an aromatic ring.

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