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Solutions for Chapter 23: Carbonyl Condensation Reactions

Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781305080485 | Authors: John E. McMurry

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9781305080485

Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781305080485 | Authors: John E. McMurry

Solutions for Chapter 23: Carbonyl Condensation Reactions

Solutions for Chapter 23
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 9
Author: John E. McMurry
ISBN: 9781305080485

Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305080485. Since 85 problems in chapter 23: Carbonyl Condensation Reactions have been answered, more than 63280 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 9. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 23: Carbonyl Condensation Reactions includes 85 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Betaine

    A neutral molecule with nonadjacent positive and negative charges. An example of a betaine is the intermediate formed by addition of a Wittig reagent to an aldehyde or ketone

  • carbohydrates

    Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones with molecular formula CxH2xOx.

  • covalent compounds.

    Compounds containing only covalent bonds. (9.4)

  • Diastereomers

    Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of each other; refers to relationships among two or more objects

  • Dieckmann cyclization

    An intramolecular Claisen condensation.

  • E1cb mechanism

    An eliminationreaction in which the leaving group only leavesafter deprotonation occurs. This process occurs atthe end of an aldol condensation.

  • effective nuclear charge

    The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-electron atom; this charge is not the full nuclear charge because there is some shielding of the nucleus by the other electrons in the atom. (Section 7.2)

  • electron shell

    A collection of orbitals that have the same value of n. For example, the orbitals with n = 3 (the 3s, 3p, and 3d orbitals) comprise the third shell. (Section 6.5)

  • galvanic cell

    See voltaic cell. (Section 20.3)

  • Ground state

    The lowest energy state of a system.

  • hydroxyl group

    An OH group.

  • ketose

    A carbohydrate that contains a ketone group.

  • nitronium ion

    The NO2+ ion, which is present in a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid.

  • Nucleoside

    A building block of nucleic acids, consisting of d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose bonded to a heterocyclic aromatic amine base by a b-N-glycosidic bond

  • Phenyl group

    A group derived by removing an H from benzene; abbreviated C6H5! or Ph!.

  • Resolution

    Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.

  • sp2-hybridized orbitals

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with two p orbitals to form three hybridized atomic orbitals.

  • Steric strain

    The strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by four or more bonds are forced closer to each other than their atomic (contact) radii would allow. Steric strain is also called non-bonded interaction strain, or van der Waals strain.

  • superimposable

    Two objects that are identical.

  • Ylide

    A neutral molecule with positive and negative charges on adjacent atoms

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