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Solutions for Chapter 16.12: Acid-Catalyzed Ring Opening of Epoxides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A list of metals in order of decreasing ease of oxidation. (Section 4.4)
A reaction in which one molecule adds to another. (24.2)
The electrode at which oxidation occurs. (18.2)
axis of symmetry
An axis about which a compound possesses rotational symmetry.
Delocalized electrons move freely through “bands” formed by overlapping molecular orbitals. (21.3)
A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)
Phosphoglycerides that contain ethanolamine.
A compound in which two p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.
electrospray ionization (ESI):
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.
A protein molecule that acts to catalyze specific biochemical reactions. (Section 14.7)
The joining of two light nuclei to form a more massive one. (Section 21.6)
The change in specifi c rotation that occurs when an a or b hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate in aqueous solution is converted to an equilibrium mixture of the two forms.
A compound with molecular formula HONO.
Refers to a compound that rotates the plane of plane-polarized light
Principle of microscopic reversibility
This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction
redox (oxidation–reduction) reaction
A reaction in which certain atoms undergo changes in oxidation states. The substance increasing in oxidation state is oxidized; the substance decreasing in oxidation state is reduced. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)
A term used to describe the character of a chemical entity (molecule, ion, or radical) exhibiting more than one significant resonance structure.
A solution in which undissolved solute and dissolved solute are in equilibrium. (Section 13.2)
The study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.
For mechanisms, astep that involves only one chemical entity.