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Solutions for Chapter 16.12: Acid-Catalyzed Ring Opening of Epoxides

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 16.12: Acid-Catalyzed Ring Opening of Epoxides

Solutions for Chapter 16.12
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Chapter 16.12: Acid-Catalyzed Ring Opening of Epoxides includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 16.12: Acid-Catalyzed Ring Opening of Epoxides have been answered, more than 18693 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • allylic bromination

    A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.

  • bond angles

    The angles made by the lines joining the nuclei of the atoms in a molecule. (Section 9.1)

  • bond polarity

    A measure of the degree to which the electrons are shared unequally between two atoms in a chemical bond. (Section 8.4)

  • Chain termination

    A step in a chain reaction that involves destruction of reactive intermediates

  • chemical bond

    A strong attractive force that exists between atoms in a molecule. (Section 8.1)

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • endothermic

    Any process with a positive DH (the system receives energy from the surroundings).

  • Entropy (S)

    Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable

  • flagpole interactions

    For cyclohexane, the steric interactions that occur between the flagpole hydrogen atoms in a boat conformation.

  • functional group

    A characteristic group of atoms/bonds that possess a predictable chemical behavior.

  • molecular orbital (MO)

    An allowed state for an electron in a molecule. According to molecular-orbital theory, a molecular orbital is entirely analogous to an atomic orbital, which is an allowed state for an electron in an atom. Most bonding molecular orbitals can be classified as s or p, depending on the disposition of electron density with respect to the internuclear axis. (Section 9.7)

  • nitrogen rule

    In mass spectrometry, an odd molecular weight indicates an odd number of nitrogen atoms in the compound, while an even molecular weight indicates either an even number of nitrogen atoms or the absence of nitrogen.

  • photodissociation

    The breaking of a molecule into two or more neutral fragments as a result of absorption of light. (Section 18.2)

  • product

    A substance produced in a chemical reaction; it appears to the right of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)

  • Quaternary structure

    The arrangement of polypeptide monomers into a noncovalently bonded aggregate.

  • reducing sugar

    A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.

  • Resonance energy

    The difference in energy between a resonance hybrid and the most stable of its hypothetical contributing structures in which electrons are localized on particular atoms and in particular bonds.

  • saturated hydrocarbon

    A hydrocarbon that contains no p bonds.

  • solvent

    The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the component of a solution present in the greater amount. (Section 4.1)

  • syn addition

    An addition reaction in which two groups are added to the same face of a p bond.

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