- Chapter 1: THE PROPERTIES OF GASES
- Chapter 10: Atomic structure and atomic spectra
- Chapter 11: Molecular structure
- Chapter 12: Molecular symmetry
- Chapter 13: Molecular spectroscopy 1: rotational and vibrational spectra
- Chapter 14: Molecular spectroscopy 2: electronic transitions
- Chapter 15: Molecular spectroscopy 3: magnetic resonance
- Chapter 16: Statistical thermodynamics 1: the concepts
- Chapter 17: Statistical thermodynamics 2: applications
- Chapter 18: Molecular interactions
- Chapter 19: Materials 1: macromolecules and aggregates
- Chapter 2: The First Law
- Chapter 20: Materials 2: the solid state
- Chapter 21: Molecules in motion
- Chapter 22: The rates of chemical reactions
- Chapter 23: The kinetics of complex reactions
- Chapter 24: Molecular reaction dynamics
- Chapter 25: Processes at solid surfaces
- Chapter 3: The Second Law
- Chapter 4: Physical transformations of pure substances
- Chapter 5: Simple mixtures
- Chapter 6: Phase diagrams
- Chapter 7: Chemical equilibrium
- Chapter 8: Quantum theory: introduction and principles
- Chapter 9: Quantum theory: techniques and applications
Physical Chemistry 8th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition
acetoacetic ester synthesis
A threestep process that converts an alkyl halide into a methyl ketone with the introduction of three new carbon atoms.
A synthetic method that employs diethyl acetamidomalonate as the starting material and enables the preparation of racemic a-amino acids.
Compounds that will react with either acids or bases. Amino acids are amphoteric.
A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.
The addition of H2 across only one face of a p bond.
The C “O double bond, a characteristic feature of several organic functional groups, such as ketones and aldehydes. (Section 24.4)
Addition of a nucleophile to the b-carbon of an a,b-unsaturated carbonyl compound. (Section 20.2A) Addition to carbons 1 and 4 of a conjugated diene.
A saturated hydrocarbon that contains carbons joined to form a ring
A measure of the ability of an atom that is bonded to another atom to attract electrons to itself. (Section 8.4)
A process in a chemical reaction that occurs in a single step. An overall chemical reaction consists of one or more elementary reactions or steps. (Section 14.6)
enthalpy of reaction
The enthalpy change associated with a chemical reaction. (Section 5.4)
The mass of the collection of atoms represented by a chemical formula. For example, the formula weight of NO2 (46.0 amu) is the sum of the masses of one nitrogen atom and two oxygen atoms. (Section 3.3)
A compound containing a CRN bond.
A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which all have the same configuration.
In nomenclature, a numberused to identify the location of a substituent.
A solvent that contains at least one hydrogen atom connected directly to an electronegative atom.
A reaction that can produce two or more constitutional isomers but nevertheless produces one as the major product.
standard atomic weight
The weighted averages for each element, which takes into account isotopic abundance.
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.
A hydrocarbon containing one or more carbon-carbon double or triple bonds. The three classes of unsaturated hydrocarbons are alkenes, alkynes, and arenes
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