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Solutions for Chapter 3: Matter and Energy

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321750891 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Full solutions for General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321750891

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321750891 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Solutions for Chapter 3: Matter and Energy

Solutions for Chapter 3
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Textbook: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life
Edition: 4
Author: Karen C. Timberlake
ISBN: 9780321750891

Summary of Chapter 3: Matter and Energy

Almost everything we do involves energy,In our bodies, the food we eat provides us with energy. Energy from burning fossil fuels or the Sun is used to heat a home or water for a pool.

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 132 problems in chapter 3: Matter and Energy have been answered, more than 329534 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 3: Matter and Energy includes 132 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life, edition: 4. General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321750891.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acidic cleavage

    A reaction in which bonds are broken in the presence of an acid. For example, in the presence of a strong acid, an ether is converted into two alkyl halides.

  • Alkoxy group

    An !OR group where R is an alkyl group

  • conjugate acid-base pair.

    An acid and its conjugate base or a base and its conjugate acid. (15.1)

  • conjugated

    A compound in which two p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.

  • dash

    In bond-line structures, agroup going behind the page.

  • deposition.

    The process in which the molecules go directly from the vapor into the solid phase. (11.8)

  • empirical formula

    A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)

  • enamine

    A compound containing a nitrogen atom directly connected to a carboncarbon p bond.

  • geometric isomerism

    A form of isomerism in which compounds with the same type and number of atoms and the same chemical bonds have different spatial arrangements of these atoms and bonds. (Sections 23.4 and 24.4)

  • ion-product constant

    For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)

  • net ionic equation

    A chemical equation for a solution reaction in which soluble strong electrolytes are written as ions and spectator ions are omitted. (Section 4.2)

  • nonbonding pair

    In a Lewis structure a pair of electrons assigned completely to one atom; also called a lone pair. (Section 9.2)

  • nucleophilic acyl substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.

  • peptide bond

    A bond formed between two amino acids. (Section 24.7)

  • Primary structure of proteins

    The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.

  • renewable energy sources

    Energy such as solar energy, wind energy, and hydroelectric energy derived from essentially inexhaustible sources. (Section 5.8)

  • Restriction endonuclease

    An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a particular phosphodiester bond within a DNA strand.

  • Shell

    A region of space around a nucleus that can be occupied by electrons, corresponding to a principal quantum number

  • silicates

    Compounds containing silicon and oxygen, structurally based on SiO4 tetrahedra. (Section 22.10)

  • Williamson ether synthesis

    A method for preparing an ether from an alkoxide ion and an alkyl halide (via an SN2 process).