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Solutions for Chapter 21: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life 4th Edition

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321750891 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Full solutions for General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321750891

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321750891 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Solutions for Chapter 21

Solutions for Chapter 21
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Textbook: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life
Edition: 4
Author: Karen C. Timberlake
ISBN: 9780321750891

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life, edition: 4. Chapter 21 includes 119 full step-by-step solutions. Since 119 problems in chapter 21 have been answered, more than 113073 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321750891.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • autooxidation

    The slow oxidation of organic compounds that occurs in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.

  • bridgeheads

    In a bicyclic system, the carbon atoms where the rings are fused together.

  • Carbohydrate

    A polyhydroxyaldehyde, a polyhydroxyketone, or a substance that gives these compounds on hydrolysis.

  • condensation reaction

    A chemical reaction in which a small molecule (such as a molecule of water) is split out from between two reacting molecules. (Sections 12.6 and 22.8)

  • core electrons.

    All nonvalence electrons in an atom. (8.2)

  • degree of unsaturation

    The absence of two hydrogen atoms associated with a ring or a p bond.

  • deuterium

    The isotope of hydrogen whose nucleus contains a proton and a neutron: 2 1H. (Section 22.2)

  • diazonium salt

    An ionic compound that is formed upon treatment of a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.

  • electrolyte

    A solute that produces ions in solution; an electrolytic solution conducts an electric current. (Section 4.1)

  • electrophoresis

    A technique for separating amino acids from each other based on a difference in pI values.

  • equatorial position

    For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is approximately along the equator of the ring.

  • hydroboration-oxidation

    A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.

  • hydrocarbons

    Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen. (Section 2.9)

  • mean free path

    The average distance traveled by a gas molecule between collisions. (Section 10.8)

  • nitrogen rule

    In mass spectrometry, an odd molecular weight indicates an odd number of nitrogen atoms in the compound, while an even molecular weight indicates either an even number of nitrogen atoms or the absence of nitrogen.

  • polyatomic ion

    An electrically charged group of two or more atoms. (Section 2.7)

  • precipitation reaction

    A reaction that occurs between substances in solution in which one of the products is insoluble. (Section 4.2)

  • product

    A substance produced in a chemical reaction; it appears to the right of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)

  • protein

    A biopolymer formed from amino acids. (Section 24.7)

  • Reduction

    The gain of electrons. Alternatively, either the gain of hydrogen, loss of oxygen, or both

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