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Solutions for Chapter 4: Organic Chemistry 2nd Edition

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781118454312

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Solutions for Chapter 4

Solutions for Chapter 4
4 5 0 344 Reviews
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4
Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 2
Author: David R. Klein
ISBN: 9781118454312

Chapter 4 includes 72 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781118454312. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 2. Since 72 problems in chapter 4 have been answered, more than 114477 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alpha (a) rays.

    Helium ions with a positive charge of 12. (2.2)

  • amorphous

    A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.

  • azo dyes

    A class of colored compounds that are formed via azo coupling.

  • Bile acid

    A cholesterol-derived detergent molecule, such as cholic acid, which is secreted by the gallbladder into the intestine to assist in the absorption of dietary lipids.

  • breeder reactor.

    A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable materials than it uses. (19.5)

  • carbon black

    A microcrystalline form of carbon. (Section 22.9)

  • downfield

    The left side of an NMR spectrum.

  • enantiomer

    A nonsuperimposable mirror image.

  • Entropy (S)

    Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable

  • first-order reaction

    A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)

  • high-resolution mass spectrometry

    A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.

  • intermediate

    A structure corresponding to a local minimum (valley) in an energy diagram.

  • microstate

    The state of a system at a particular instant; one of many possible energetically equivalent ways to arrange the components of a system to achieve a particular state. (Section 19.3)

  • monomers

    Molecules with low molecular weights, which can be joined together (polymerized) to form a polymer. (Section 12.8)

  • Plane-polarized light

    Light oscillating in only parallel planes.

  • Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)

    A hydrocarbon containing two or more fused benzene rings

  • retro Diels-Alder reaction

    The reverse of a Diels-Alder reaction, achieved at high temperature. A cyclohexene derivative is converted into a diene and a dienophile.

  • second law of thermodynamics

    A statement of our experience that there is a direction to the way events occur in nature. When a process occurs spontaneously in one direction, it is nonspontaneous in the reverse direction. It is possible to state the second law in many different forms, but they all relate back to the same idea about spontaneity. One of the most common statements found in chemical contexts is that in any spontaneous process the entropy of the universe increases. (Section 19.2)

  • Thermoset plastic

    A polymer that can be molded when it is fi rst prepared, but once cooled, hardens irreversibly and cannot be remelted.

  • VSEPR theory

    Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.

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