Solutions for Chapter 12: Organic Chemistry 7th Edition

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781269406772 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9781269406772

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781269406772 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 12

Solutions for Chapter 12
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: Paula Yurkanis Bruice
ISBN: 9781269406772

Since 56 problems in chapter 12 have been answered, more than 81531 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9781269406772. Chapter 12 includes 56 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absorbance

    In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the value log (I0/I) where I0 is the intensity of the reference beam and I is the intensity of the sample beam.

  • annulenes

    Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is [6]annulene.

  • Atropisomers

    Enantiomers that lack a chiral center and differ because of hindered rotation.

  • carbocation

    An intermediate containing a positively charged carbon atom.

  • colloids (colloidal dispersions)

    Mixtures containing particles larger than normal solutes but small enough to remain suspended in the dispersing medium. (Section 13.6)

  • Conjugation

    A situation in which two multiple bonds are separated by a single bond. Alternatively, a series of overlapping 2p orbitals. 1,3-butadiene, for example, is a conjugated diene, and 3-butene-2-one is a conjugated enone

  • diazonium salt

    An ionic compound that is formed upon treatment of a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.

  • disulfide

    A compound with the structure R!S!S!R.

  • enantiomerically pure

    A substance that consists of a single enantiomer, and not its mirror image.

  • extensive property

    A property that depends on the amount of material considered; for example, mass or volume. (Section 1.3)

  • formal charge

    The number of valence electrons in an isolated atom minus the number of electrons assigned to the atom in the Lewis structure. (Section 8.5)

  • Halohydrin

    A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.

  • Hofmann elimination

    A reaction in which an amino group is treated with excess methyl iodide, thereby converting it into an excellent leaving group, followed by treatment with a strong base to give an E2 reaction that yields an alkene.

  • hydration

    A reaction in which a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) are added across a p bond.

  • metalloids

    Elements that lie along the diagonal line separating the metals from the nonmetals in the periodic table; the properties of metalloids are intermediate between those of metals and nonmetals. (Section 2.5)

  • Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)

    A hydrocarbon containing two or more fused benzene rings

  • salinity

    A measure of the salt content of seawater, brine, or brackish water. It is equal to the mass in grams of dissolved salts present in 1 kg of seawater. (Section 18.3)

  • SN2 reaction

    A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • vicinal

    A term used to describe two identical groups attached to adjacent carbon atoms.

  • wavenumber

    In IR spectroscopy, the location of each signal is reported in terms of this frequency-related unit.

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