A student buys a 5000 Btu window air conditioner for his apartment bedroom. He monitors it for one hour on a hot day and determines that it operates approximately 60 percent of the time (duty cycle = 60 percent) to keep the room at nearly constant temperature. (a) Showing all your work and using unity conversion ratios, calculate the rate of heat transfer into the bedroom through the walls, windows, etc. in units of Btu/h and in units of kW. (b) If the energy efficiency ratio (EER) of the air conditioner is 9.0 and electricity costs 7.5 cents per kilowatt-hr, calculate how much it costs (in cents) for him to run the air conditioner for one hour.
Amount of heat E = 5000 Btu
Time of operation of the air conditioner t = 1 h