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Solutions for Chapter 19: Chemical Thermodynamics

Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition | ISBN: 9780134414232 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition

ISBN: 9780134414232

Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition | ISBN: 9780134414232 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 19: Chemical Thermodynamics

Solutions for Chapter 19
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 14
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus
ISBN: 9780134414232

Summary of Chapter 19: Chemical Thermodynamics

Define entropy and state the second law of thermodynamics, and apply the terms spontaneous process, reversible process, irreversible process, and isothermal process

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 14. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134414232. Chapter 19: Chemical Thermodynamics includes 112 full step-by-step solutions. Since 112 problems in chapter 19: Chemical Thermodynamics have been answered, more than 28007 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • autooxidation

    The slow oxidation of organic compounds that occurs in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.

  • b-Elimination

    A reaction in which a molecule, such as HCl, HBr, HI, or HOH, is split out or eliminated from adjacent carbons

  • bond order.

    The difference between the numbers of electrons in bonding molecular orbitals and antibonding molecular orbitals, divided by two. (10.7)

  • Born-Haber cycle.

    The cycle that relates lattice energies of ionic compounds to ionization energies, electron affinities, heats of sublimation and formation, and bond enthalpies. (9.3)

  • chemical changes

    Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical reactions. (Section 1.3)

  • corrosion.

    The deterioration of metals by an electrochemical process. (18.7)

  • diamagnetic anisotropy

    An effect that causes different regions of space to be characterized by different magnetic field strengths.

  • enantiomers

    Two mirror-image molecules of a chiral substance. The enantiomers are nonsuperimposable. (Section 23.4)

  • ether

    A compound with the structure R!O!R.

  • Fatty acid

    A long, unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12 to 20 carbons, derived from the hydrolysis of animal fats, vegetable oils, or the phospholipids of biological membranes.

  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL)

    Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.

  • Hydrogenolysis

    Cleavage of a single bond by H2, most commonly accomplished by treating a compound with H2 in the presence of a transition metal catalyst.

  • Hydrophilic

    From the Greek, meaning water-loving.

  • Lactone

    A cyclic ester.

  • mass spectrometry

    The study ofthe interaction between matter and an energysource other than electromagnetic radiation. Massspectrometry is used primarily to determine the molecular weight and molecular formula of a compound.

  • Mass spectrometry

    An analytical technique for measuring the mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of ions.

  • Micelle

    A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water

  • pi 1P2 molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital that concentrates the electron density on opposite sides of an imaginary line that passes through the nuclei. (Section 9.8)

  • reduction

    A reaction in which a compound undergoes a decrease in oxidation state.

  • stretching

    In IR spectroscopy, atype of vibration that generally produces a signal in the diagnostic region of an IR spectrum.