 6.1: Convert each pressure to an equivalent pressure in atmospheres. (a)...
 6.2: Calculate the height of a mercury column required to produce a pres...
 6.3: Calculate the height of a column of liquid benzene in meters, requi...
 6.4: Calculate the height of a column of liquid glycerol in meters, requ...
 6.5: What is the pressure (in mmHg) of the gas inside the apparatus belo...
 6.6: What is the pressure (in mmHg) of the gas inside the apparatus belo...
 6.7: At times, a pressure is stated in units of mass per unit area rathe...
 6.8: Express in pounds per square inch (psi). [Hint: Refer to Exercise 7.]
 6.9: A sample of has a volume of 26.7 L at 762 Torr. What is the new vol...
 6.10: An 886 mL sample of Ne(g) is at 752 mmHg and What will be the new v...
 6.11: If 3.0 L of oxygen gas at is cooled at constant pressure until the ...
 6.12: We want to change the volume of a fixed amount of gas from 725 mL t...
 6.13: A 35.8 L cylinder of Ar(g) is connected to an evacuated 1875 L tank...
 6.14: A sample of occupies a volume of 42.0 mL under the existing baromet...
 6.15: A weather balloon filled with He gas has a volume of at ground leve...
 6.16: The photographs show the contraction of an argonfilled balloon whe...
 6.17: What is the mass of argon gas in a 75.0 mL volume at STP?
 6.18: What volume of gaseous chlorine at STP would you need to obtain a 2...
 6.19: A27.6 mL sample of (used in the manufacture of flameretardant chem...
 6.20: A sample of radon gas is obtained. (a) What is the mass of this sam...
 6.21: You purchase a bag of potato chips at an ocean beach to take on a p...
 6.22: Scuba divers know that they must not ascend quickly from deep under...
 6.23: A sample of gas has a volume of 4.25 L at and 748 mmHg. What will b...
 6.24: A 10.0 g sample of a gas has a volume of 5.25 L at and 762 mmHg. If...
 6.25: A constantvolume vessel contains 12.5 g of a gas at 21 C. If the p...
 6.26: A 34.0 L cylinder contains at How many grams of must be released to...
 6.27: What is the volume, in milliliters, occupied by at and 737 mmHg?
 6.28: A 12.8 L cylinder contains at What is the pressure of this gas, in ...
 6.29: Kr(g) in a 18.5 L cylinder exerts a pressure of 11.2 atm at How man...
 6.30: A 72.8 L constantvolume cylinder containing 7.41 g He is heated un...
 6.31: Alaboratory high vacuum system is capable of evacuating a vessel to...
 6.32: What is the pressure, in pascals, exerted by when confined at to a ...
 6.33: What is the molar volume of an ideal gas at (a) and 1.00 atm; (b) 1...
 6.34: At what temperature is the molar volume of an ideal gas equal to 22...
 6.35: A 0.418 g sample of gas has a volume of 115 mL at and 743 mmHg. Wha...
 6.36: What is the molar mass of a gas found to have a density of at 415 K...
 6.37: What is the molecular formula of a gaseous fluoride of sulfur conta...
 6.38: A 2.650 g sample of a gaseous compound occupies 428 mL at and 742 m...
 6.39: A gaseous hydrocarbon weighing 0.231 g occupies a volume of 102 mL ...
 6.40: A132.10 mL glass vessel weighs 56.1035 g when evacuated and 56.2445...
 6.41: Aparticular application calls for with a density of at What must be...
 6.42: Monochloroethylene is used to make polyvinylchloride (PVC). It has ...
 6.43: In order for a gasfilled balloon to rise in air, the density of th...
 6.44: Refer to Exercise 43, and determine the minimum temperature to whic...
 6.45: The density of phosphorus vapor is at and 775 mmHg. What is the mol...
 6.46: Aparticular gaseous hydrocarbon that is 82.7% C and 17.3% H by mass...
 6.47: What volume of is consumed in the combustion of if both gases are m...
 6.48: How many liters of at STP are produced per gram of Al(s) consumed i...
 6.49: A particular coal sample contains 3.28% S by mass. When the coal is...
 6.50: One method of removing from a spacecraft is to allow the to react w...
 6.51: A 3.57 g sample of a mixture is decomposed by heating and produces ...
 6.52: Hydrogen peroxide, is used to disinfect contact lenses. How many mi...
 6.53: Calculate the volume of measured at and 751 Torr, required to react...
 6.54: The Haber process is the principal method for fixing nitrogen (conv...
 6.55: What is the volume, in liters, occupied by a mixture of and at 7.15...
 6.56: Aballoon filled with at and 1.00 atm has a volume of 2.24 L. What i...
 6.57: A gas cylinder of 53.7 L volume contains at a pressure of 28.2 atm ...
 6.58: A2.35 L container of at 762 mmHg and is connected to a 3.17 L conta...
 6.59: Which actions would you take to establish a pressure of 2.00 atm in...
 6.60: A mixture of and in a 4.3 L flask is maintained at (a) What is the ...
 6.61: A 2.00 L container is filled with Ar(g) at 752 mmHg and A 0.728 g s...
 6.62: The chemical composition of air that is exhaled (expired) is differ...
 6.63: In the drawing below, is maintained at 1 atm pressure in a cylinder...
 6.64: In the drawing above, at 300 K is maintained at 1 atm pressure in a...
 6.65: A 4.0 L sample of has a pressure of 1.0 atm. A 2.0 L sample of has ...
 6.66: The following figure shows the contents and pressures of three vess...
 6.67: A 1.65 g sample of Al reacts with excess HCl, and the liberated is ...
 6.68: An 89.3 mL sample of wet is collected over water at at a barometric...
 6.69: A sample of is collected over water at The volume of gas is 1.16 L....
 6.70: A 1.072 g sample of is found to occupy a volume of 8.446 L when col...
 6.71: At elevated temperatures, solid sodium chlorate decomposes to produ...
 6.72: When solid is heated strongly, it decomposes to form solid potassiu...
 6.73: Calculate in meters per second, for molecules at
 6.74: The of molecules at 273 K is At what temperature is for twice this ...
 6.75: Refer to Example 614. What must be the molecular mass of a gas if ...
 6.76: Refer to Example 614. Noble gases (group 18) exist as atoms, not m...
 6.77: At what temperature will for be the same as for He at 300 K?
 6.78: Determine and for a group of ten automobiles clocked by radar at sp...
 6.79: Calculate the average kinetic energy, for at 298 K and 1.00 atm.
 6.80: Calculate the total kinetic energy, in joules, of at and 1.00 atm. ...
 6.81: If 0.00484 mol effuses through an orifice in a certain period of ti...
 6.82: A sample of effuses through a tiny hole in 38 s. What must be the m...
 6.83: What are the ratios of the diffusion rates for the pairs of gases (...
 6.84: Which of the following visualizations best represents the distribut...
 6.85: It takes 22 hours for a neonfilled balloon to shrink to half its o...
 6.86: The molar mass of radon gas was first estimated by comparing its di...
 6.87: Refer to Example 617. Recalculate the pressure of by using both th...
 6.88: Use both the ideal gas equation and the van der Waals equation to c...
 6.89: Use the value of the van der Waals constant b for given in Table 6....
 6.90: (a) Use the value of the van der Waals constant b for given in Tabl...
 6.91: Explain why it is necessary to include the density of and the value...
 6.92: Assume the following initial conditions for the graphs labeled A, B...
 6.93: Consider the diagram below. The initial sketch illustrates, both at...
 6.94: Two evacuated bulbs of equal volume are connected by a tube of negl...
 6.95: A compound is 85.6% carbon by mass. The rest is hydrogen. When 10.0...
 6.96: A 0.7178 g sample of a hydrocarbon occupies a volume of 390.7 mL at...
 6.97: A 3.05 g sample of is introduced into an evacuated 2.18 L flask and...
 6.98: Ammonium nitrite, decomposes according to the chemical equation bel...
 6.99: A mixture of and is introduced into a 1.500 L flask at When the mix...
 6.100: . In the reaction of and solid sodium peroxide solid sodium carbona...
 6.101: . What is the partial pressure of in millimeters of mercury, at and...
 6.102: . A gaseous mixture of He and has a density of at and 721 mmHg. Wha...
 6.103: . When working with a mixture of gases, it is sometimes convenient ...
 6.104: . A mixture of and can be used as an anesthetic. In a particular mi...
 6.105: . Gas cylinder A has a volume of 48.2 L and contains at 8.35 atm at...
 6.106: . The accompanying sketch is that of a closedend manometer. Descri...
 6.107: . Producer gas is a type of fuel gas made by passing air or steam t...
 6.108: . The heat required to sustain animals while they hibernate comes f...
 6.109: . A mixture of and is prepared by electrolyzing 1.32 g water, and t...
 6.110: . Aluminum (Al) and iron (Fe) each react with hydrochloric acid sol...
 6.111: . A 0.168 L sample of is collected over water at and a barometric p...
 6.112: . A breathing mixture is prepared in which He is substituted for Th...
 6.113: . Chlorine dioxide, is sometimes used as a chlorinating agent for w...
 6.114: . The amount of ozone, in a mixture of gases can be determined by p...
 6.115: . A 0.1052 g sample of in an 8.050 L sample of dry air at evaporate...
 6.116: . An alternative to Figure 66 is to plot P against The resulting g...
 6.117: . We have noted that atmospheric pressure depends on altitude. Atmo...
 6.118: . Consider a sample of at 298 K and 1.0 atm. Calculate (a) and (b) ...
 6.119: . A nitrogen molecule having the average kinetic energy at 300 K is...
 6.120: . For at and 1 atm, calculate the percentage of molecules that have...
 6.121: . If the van der Waals equation is solved for volume, a cubic equat...
 6.122: . According to the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (83rd ed.)...
 6.123: . A particular equation of state for has the form where is the mola...
 6.124: . A 0.156 g sample of a magnesium aluminum alloy dissolves complete...
 6.125: . Shown to the right is a diagram of Boyle s original apparatus. At...
 6.126: . In 1860, Stanislao Cannizzaro showed how Avogadro s hypothesis co...
 6.127: . In research that required the careful measurement of gas densitie...
 6.128: . The equation which can be derived from equation (6.14), suggests ...
 6.129: . Asounding balloon is a rubber bag filled with and carrying a set ...
 6.130: . In your own words, define or explain each term or symbol. (a) atm...
 6.131: . Briefly describe each concept or process: (a) absolute zero of te...
 6.132: . Explain the important distinctions between (a) barometer and mano...
 6.133: . Which exerts the greatest pressure, (a) a 75.0 cm column of (b) a...
 6.134: . For a fixed amount of gas at a fixed pressure, changing the tempe...
 6.135: . Afragile glass vessel will break if the internal pressure equals ...
 6.136: . Which of the following choices represents the molar volume of an ...
 6.137: . The gas with the greatest density at STP is (a) (b) Kr; (c) (d)
 6.138: . If the Kelvin temperature of a sample of ideal gas doubles (e.g.,...
 6.139: . Consider the statements (a) to (e) below. Assume that and behave ...
 6.140: . A sample of is collected over water at and a barometric pressure ...
 6.141: . At and 0.500 atm, 4.48 L of gaseous (a) contains molecules; (b) h...
 6.142: . To establish a pressure of 2.00 atm in a 2.24 L cylinder containi...
 6.143: . Carbon monoxide, CO, and hydrogen react according to the equation...
 6.144: . A mixture of and is placed in a 10.0 L container at The container...
 6.145: . Under which conditions is most likely to behave like an ideal gas...
 6.146: . Without referring to Table 6.5, state which species in each of th...
 6.147: . Explain why the height of the mercury column in a barometer is in...
 6.148: . Agaseous hydrocarbon that is 82.7% C and 17.3% H by mass has a de...
 6.149: . Draw a box to represent a sample of air containing molecules (rep...
 6.150: . Appendix E describes a useful study aid known as concept mapping....
Solutions for Chapter 6: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications 10th Edition
Full solutions for General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications  10th Edition
ISBN: 9780132064521
Solutions for Chapter 6
Get Full SolutionsChapter 6 includes 150 full stepbystep solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications, edition: 10. General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780132064521. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 150 problems in chapter 6 have been answered, more than 68086 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter.

activation energy (Ea)
The minimum energy needed for reaction; the height of the energy barrier to formation of products. (Section 14.5)

adhesion.
Attraction between unlike molecules. (11.3)

anion
A negatively charged ion. (Section 2.7)

bimolecular reaction
An elementary reaction that involves two molecules. (Section 14.6)

Claisen rearrangement
A [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangement that is observed for allylic vinylic ethers.

diamagnetic anisotropy
An effect that causes different regions of space to be characterized by different magnetic field strengths.

Enthalpy change, DH
The difference in total bond strengths and solvation between various points under comparison on a reaction coordinate diagram

Hundâ€™s rule
When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any

Hydrogen bonding
The attractive interaction between a hydrogen atom bonded to an atom of high electronegativity (most commonly O or N) and a lone pair of electrons on another atom of high electronegativity (again, most commonly O or N).

hydrophilic
A polar group that has favorable interactions with water.

mass defect
The difference between the mass of a nucleus and the total masses of the individual nucleons that it contains. (Section 21.6)

molecular compound
A compound that consists of molecules. (Section 2.6)

precipitate
An insoluble substance that forms in, and separates from, a solution. (Section 4.2)

primitive lattice
A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located only at the corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)

Reductive elimination
Elimination of two substituents at a metal center, causing the oxidation state of the metal to decrease by two.

Secondary structure of proteins
The ordered arrangements (conformations) of amino acids in localized regions of a polypeptide or protein

Sigma (s) molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated between two nuclei, along the axis joining them, and is cylindrically symmetrical

spontaneous
A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.

sterically hindered
A compound or region of a compound that is very bulky.

transport protein
A protein used to transport molecules or ions from one location to another. Hemoglobin is a classic example of a transport protein, used to transport molecular oxygen from the lungs to all the tissues of the body.