Solutions for Chapter 16: Liquids and Solids

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9781305581982

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 16: Liquids and Solids

Solutions for Chapter 16
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Textbook: Chemical Principles
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781305581982

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemical Principles, edition: 8. Since 160 problems in chapter 16: Liquids and Solids have been answered, more than 17807 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemical Principles was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305581982. Chapter 16: Liquids and Solids includes 160 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,4-addition

    A reaction involving the addition of two groups to a conjugated p system in which one group is installed at the C1 position and the other group is installed at the C4 position.

  • addition reaction.

    A reaction in which one molecule adds to another. (24.2)

  • allylic bromination

    A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.

  • Aprotic solvent

    A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide

  • dipole

    A molecule with one end having a partial negative charge and the other end having a partial positive charge; a polar molecule. (Section 8.4)

  • electron-domain geometry

    The three- dimensional arrangement of the electron domains around an atom according to the VSEPR model. (Section 9.2)

  • Fischer esterification

    A process in which a carboxylic acid is converted into an ester when treated with an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst.

  • hydrazone

    A compound with the structure R2CRN!NH2.

  • hydrophilic

    Water attracting. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)

  • ignal splitting in NMR

    Spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei split NMR signals depending on the extent of coupling and the number of adjacent equivalent nuclei.

  • induction

    The withdrawal of electron density that occurs when a bond is shared by two atoms of differing electronegativity.

  • interstitial alloy

    An alloy in which smaller atoms fit into spaces between larger atoms. The larger atoms are metallic elements and the smaller atoms are typically nonmetallic elements. (Section 12.3)

  • Lactone

    A cyclic ester.

  • molecular solids

    Solids that are composed of molecules. (Sections 12.1 and 12.6)

  • Pauli exclusion principle

    The rule that states that an atomic orbital or molecular orbital can accommodate a maximum of two electrons with opposite spin.

  • pressure

    A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry, pressure is often expressed in units of atmospheres (atm) or torr: 760 torr = 1 atm; in SI units pressure is expressed in pascals (Pa). (Section 10.2)

  • Protic solvent

    A solvent that is a hydrogen-bond donor. Common protic solvents are water, low-molecular-weight alcohols, and low-molecular weight carboxylic acids.

  • R,S System

    A set of rules for specifying absolute confi guration about a chiral center; also called the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog system

  • standard atomic weight

    The weighted averages for each element, which takes into account isotopic abundance.

  • Stereochemistry

    The study of three-dimensional arrangements of atoms in molecules

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