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Solutions for Chapter 7: PERIODIC PROPERTIES OF THE ELEMENTS

Chemistry: The Central Science | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780136006176 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown, H. Eugene H LeMay, Bruce E. Bursten, Catherine Murphy, Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 11th Edition

ISBN: 9780136006176

Chemistry: The Central Science | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780136006176 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown, H. Eugene H LeMay, Bruce E. Bursten, Catherine Murphy, Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 7: PERIODIC PROPERTIES OF THE ELEMENTS

Solutions for Chapter 7
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 11
Author: Theodore E. Brown, H. Eugene H LeMay, Bruce E. Bursten, Catherine Murphy, Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780136006176

Chapter 7: PERIODIC PROPERTIES OF THE ELEMENTS includes 100 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science , edition: 11. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 100 problems in chapter 7: PERIODIC PROPERTIES OF THE ELEMENTS have been answered, more than 13955 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780136006176.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Basicity

    An equilibrium property measured by the position of equilibrium in an acid-base reaction, as, for example, the acid-base reaction between ammonia and water.

  • bond length.

    The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)

  • calorimeter

    An apparatus that measures the heat released or absorbed in a chemical or physical process. (Section 5.5)

  • chemical equilibrium

    A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)

  • chirality center

    A tetrahedral carbon atom bearing four different groups.

  • equivalence point

    The point in a titration at which the added solute reacts completely with the solute present in the solution. (Section 4.6)

  • geometric isomerism

    A form of isomerism in which compounds with the same type and number of atoms and the same chemical bonds have different spatial arrangements of these atoms and bonds. (Sections 23.4 and 24.4)

  • Hammond’s postulate

    The structure of the transition state for an exothermic step looks more like the reactants of that step than the products. Conversely, the structure of the transition state for an endothermic step looks more like the products of that step than the reactants.

  • Hybrid orbital

    An orbital formed by the combination of two or more atomic orbitals.

  • kinetic energy

    The energy that an object possesses by virtue of its motion. (Section 5.1)

  • Low-resolution mass spectrometry

    Instrumentation that is capable of separating only ions that differ in mass by 1 or more amu.

  • Oxonium ion

    An ion in which oxygen bears a positive charge.

  • photochemical reaction

    A reaction that is performed with photochemical excitation (usually UV light).

  • plane of symmetry

    A plane that bisects a compound into two halves that are mirror images of each other.

  • Polyunsaturated fatty acid

    A fatty acid with two or more carbon-carbon double bonds in its hydrocarbon chain

  • Radical cation

    A species formed when a neutral molecule loses one electron; it contains both an odd number of electrons and a positive charge.

  • Reactive intermediate

    A high-energy species formed between two successive reaction steps, that lies in an energy minimum between the two transition states

  • Resonance in NMR spectroscopy

    The absorption of electromagnetic radiation by a precessing nucleus and the resulting “fl ip” of its nuclear spin from the lower energy state to the higher energy state.

  • retro-aldol reaction

    The reverse of an aldol reaction. A b-hydroxyketone or aldehyde is converted into two ketones or aldehydes.

  • weak activators

    Groups that weakly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby enhancing the rate of the reaction.

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