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Solutions for Chapter 23.4: spectroscopy of amiNes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
Compounds that will react with either acids or bases. Amino acids are amphoteric.
A notation that uses chemical symbols with numerical subscripts to convey the relative proportions of atoms of the different elements in a substance. (Section 2.6)
In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when an acid is deprotonated.
Refers to a substance that rotates the plane of polarized light to the right
A reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.
Any process with a positive DH (the system receives energy from the surroundings).
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol
A reaction with water. When a cation or anion reacts with water, it changes the pH. (Sections 16.9 and 24.4)
For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)
Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with alkali metals and also the heavier alkaline earths (Ca, Sr, and Ba); these compounds contain the hydride ion, H-. (Section 22.2)
An electrically neutral particle found in the nucleus of an atom; it has approximately the same mass as a proton. (Section 2.3)
The extent to which plane-polarized light is rotated by a solution of a chiral compound.
A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.
The sequence of amino acids along a protein chain. (Section 24.7)
The structure that arises when a protein consists of two or more folded polypeptide chains that aggregate to form one protein complex.
Elimination of two substituents at a metal center, causing the oxidation state of the metal to decrease by two.
The process by which water molecules move under high pressure through a semipermeable membrane from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution. (Section 18.4)
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
A ribonucleic acid found in ribosomes, the sites of protein synthesi
Specifi c rotation
The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).
An ether(R!O!R) where the two R groups are notidentical.