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Solutions for Chapter 24: Organic Chemistry 2nd Edition

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781118454312

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Solutions for Chapter 24

Solutions for Chapter 24
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 2
Author: David R. Klein
ISBN: 9781118454312

Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781118454312. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 2. Since 46 problems in chapter 24 have been answered, more than 114813 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 24 includes 46 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acyl peroxide

    A peroxide for which each oxygen atom is connected to an acyl group. Acyl peroxides are often used as radical initiators, because the O!O bond is especially weak.

  • Arrhenius equation

    An equation that relates the rate constant for a reaction to the frequency factor, A, the activation energy, Ea, and the temperature, T: k = Ae-Ea>RT. In its logarithmic form it is written ln k = -Ea>RT + ln A. (Section 14.5)

  • battery.

    A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)

  • blocking group

    A group that can be readily installed and uninstalled. Used for regiochemical control during synthesis.

  • bond order

    The number of bonding electron pairs shared between two atoms, minus the number of antibonding electron pairs: bond order = (number of bonding electrons - number of antibonding electrons)/2. (Section 9.7)

  • broadband decoupling

    In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which all 13C!1H splitting is suppressed with the use of two rf transmitters.

  • Clemmensen reduction

    A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.

  • Cycloalkane

    A saturated hydrocarbon that contains carbons joined to form a ring

  • Diastereomers

    Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of each other; refers to relationships among two or more objects

  • effective nuclear charge

    The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-electron atom; this charge is not the full nuclear charge because there is some shielding of the nucleus by the other electrons in the atom. (Section 7.2)

  • Ground-state electron confi guration

    The lowest-energy electron confi guration for an atom or molecule.

  • hydrohalogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of H and X (either Br or Cl) across an alkene.

  • ignal splitting in NMR

    Spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei split NMR signals depending on the extent of coupling and the number of adjacent equivalent nuclei.

  • instantaneous rate

    The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)

  • nanomaterial

    A solid whose dimensions range from 1 to 100 nm and whose properties differ from those of a bulk material with the same composition. (Section 12.1)

  • phenoxide

    The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.

  • product

    A substance produced in a chemical reaction; it appears to the right of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)

  • ring flip

    A conformational change in which one chair conformation is converted into the other.

  • secondary

    A term used to indicate that exactly two alkyl groups are attached directly to a particular position. For example, a secondary carbocation has two alkyl groups attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).

  • trigonal pyramidal

    A geometry adopted by an atom that has one lone pair and a steric number of 4.

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