Solutions for Chapter 24: Organic Chemistry 2nd Edition

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781118454312

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Solutions for Chapter 24

Solutions for Chapter 24
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 2
Author: David R. Klein
ISBN: 9781118454312

Organic Chemistry was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9781118454312. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 2. Since 46 problems in chapter 24 have been answered, more than 44536 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 24 includes 46 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absolute zero

    The lowest attainable temperature; 0 K on the Kelvin scale and -273.15 °C on the Celsius scale. (Section 1.4)

  • alkali metals

    Members of group 1A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)

  • delocalized

    A lone pair or charge that is participating in resonance.

  • diagnostic region

    The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals that arise from double bonds, triple bonds, and X!H bonds.

  • Dipeptide

    A molecule containing two amino acid units joined by a peptide bond

  • E1

    A unimolecular b-elimination reaction

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • Energy diagram

    A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram

  • Enol

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group bonded to a doubly bonded carbon atom.

  • enthalpy

    A quantity defined by the relationship H = E + PV; the enthalpy change, ?H, for a reaction that occurs at constant pressure is the heat evolved or absorbed in the reaction: ?H = qp. (Section 5.3)

  • Equivalent hydrogens

    Hydrogens that have the same chemical environment

  • Geminal coupling

    Spin-spin coupling that occurs between nonequivalent H atoms bonded to the same C atom. The H atoms are generally nonequivalent owing to restricted bond rotation in the molecule

  • induction

    The withdrawal of electron density that occurs when a bond is shared by two atoms of differing electronegativity.

  • Michael donor

    The nucleophile in a Michael reaction.

  • normal melting point

    The melting point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.6)

  • Plastic

    A polymer that can be molded when hot and retains its shape when cooled

  • Potential energy

    The energy that can be released if given an opportunity

  • solvent extraction

    A process by which one or more compounds are removed from a mixture of organic compounds, based on a difference in solubility and/or acid-base properties.

  • Specifi c rotation

    The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).

  • triglyceride

    A triester formed from glycerol and three long-chain carboxylic acids.

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