 23.2P: (I) When you look at yourself in a 60cmtall plane mirror, you see...
 23.2Q: Archimedes is said to have burned the whole Roman fleet in the harb...
 23.4Q: If a concave mirror produces a real image, is the image necessarily...
 23.7Q: What is the focal length of a plane mirror?What is the magnificatio...
 23.8Q: When you look at the Moon's reflection from a ripply sea, it appear...
 23.9Q: What is the angle of refraction when a light ray is incident perpen...
 23.10Q: How might you determine the speed of light in a solid, rectangular,...
 23.11Q: When you look down into a swimming pool or a lake, are you likely t...
 23.12Q: Draw a ray diagram to show why a stick or straw looks bent when par...
 23.13Q: You look into an aquarium and view a fish inside. One ray of light ...
 23.14Q: How can you "see" a round drop of water on a table even though the ...
 23.15P: (II) (a) Where should an object be placed in front of a concave mir...
 23.17P: (II) Use two techniques, (a) a ray diagram, and (b) the mirror equa...
 23.17Q: Light rays from stars (including our Sun) always bend toward the ve...
 23.18P: (III) Show, using a ray diagram, that the magnification m of a conv...
 23.18Q: Where must the film be placed if a camera lens is to make a sharp i...
 23.19Q: What type of mirror is shown in Fig. 2350? Explain.
 23.20Q: A photographer moves closer to his subject and then refocuses. Does...
 23.21Q: Can a diverging lens form a real image under any circumstances? Exp...
 23.23P: (I) What is the speed of light in (a) ethyl alcohol, (b) lucite, (c...
 23.23Q: Light rays are said to be "reversible." Is this consistent with the...
 23.24Q: Can real images be projected on a screen? Can virtual images? Can e...
 23.25Q: A thin converging lens is moved closer to a nearby object. Does the...
 23.32Q: The thicker a double convex lens is in the center as compared to it...
 23.41P: (III) A beam of light enters the end of an optic fiber as shown in ...
 23.43P: A sharp image is located 78.0 mm behind a 65.0mmfocallength conv...
 23.1P: Suppose that you want to take a photograph of yourself as you look ...
 23.1Q: What would be the appearance of the Moon if it had (a) a rough surf...
 23.3P: Two mirrors meet at a 135° angle, Fig. 23–47. If light rays strike ...
 23.3Q: Although a plane mirror appears to reverse left and right, it doesn...
 23.4P: A person whose eyes are 1.68 m above the floor stands 2.20 m in fro...
 23.5P: Suppose you are 90 cm from a plane mirror. What area of the mirror ...
 23.5Q: An object is placed along the principal axis of a spherical mirror....
 23.6Q: Using the rules for the three rays discussed with reference to Fig....
 23.7P: A solar cooker, really a concave mirror pointed at the Sun, focuses...
 23.8P: How far from a concave mirror (radius 23.0 cm) must an object be pl...
 23.9P: If you look at yourself in a shiny Christmas tree ball with a diame...
 23.10P: A mirror at an amusement park shows an upright image of any person ...
 23.11P: A dentist wants a small mirror that, when 2.20 cm from a tooth, wil...
 23.12P: Some rearview mirrors produce images of cars behind you that are sm...
 23.14P: You are standing 3.0 m from a convex security mirror in a store. Yo...
 23.13P: A luminous object 3.0 mm high is placed 20.0 cm from a convex mirro...
 23.15Q: When you look up at an object in air from beneath the surface in a ...
 23.89GP: When an object is placed 60.0 cm from a certain converging lens, it...
 23.16P: The image of a distant tree is virtual and very small when viewed i...
 23.90GP: A small object is 25.0 cm from a diverging lens as shown in Fig. 23...
 23.16Q: How can a spherical mirror have a negative object distance?
 23.94GP: (a) Show that if two thin lenses of focal lengths f1 and 12 are pla...
 23.19P: Use ray diagrams to show that the mirror equation, Eq. 232, is val...
 23.20P: The magnification of a convex mirror is +0.65 × for objects 2.2 m f...
 23.21P: A 4.5 cmtall object is placed 28 cm in front of a spherical mirro...
 23.22P: A shaving/makeup mirror is designed to magnify your face by a facto...
 23.22Q: Use ray diagrams to show that a real image formed by a thin lens is...
 23.24P: The speed of light in ice is 2.29 × 108 m/s. What is the index of r...
 23.25P: The speed of light in a certain substance is 89% of its value in wa...
 23.26P: A flashlight beam strikes the surface of a pane of glass (n = 1.58)...
 23.27P: A diver shines a flashlight upward from beneath the water at a 42.5...
 23.26Q: A lens is made of a material with an index of refraction n = 1.30. ...
 23.27Q: A dog with its tail in the air stands facing a converging lens. If ...
 23.28P: A light beam coming from an underwater spotlight exits the water at...
 23.28Q: A cat with its tail in the air stands facing a converging lens. Und...
 23.29P: Rays of the Sun are seen to make a 31.0° angle to the vertical bene...
 23.29Q: Why, in Example 23–13, must the converging lens have a shorter foca...
 23.30P: An aquarium filled with water has flat glass sides whose index of r...
 23.30Q: Explain how you could have a virtual object.
 23.31P: In searching the bottom of a pool at night, a watchman shines a nar...
 23.31Q: An unsymmetrical lens (say, planoconvex) forms an image of a nearby...
 23.32P: Light is incident on an equilateral glass prism at a 45.0° angle to...
 23.33P: A beam of light in air strikes a slab of glass (n = 1.52) and is pa...
 23.33Q: Consider two converging lenses separated by some distance. An objec...
 23.34P: Prove in general that for a light beam incident on a uniform layer ...
 23.35P: A light ray is incident on a flat piece of glass with index of refr...
 23.36P: What is the critical angle for the interface between water and Luci...
 23.37P: The critical angle for a certain liquid–air surface is 47.7°. What ...
 23.38P: A beam of light is emitted in a pool of water from a depth of 62.0 ...
 23.39P: A beam of light is emitted 8.0 cm beneath the surface of a liquid a...
 23.40P: Suppose a ray strikes the left face of the prism in Fig. 23–51 at 4...
 23.42P: (a) What is the minimum index of refraction for a glass or plastic ...
 23.44P: Sunlight is observed to focus at a point 18.5 cm behind a lens. (a)...
 23.45P: A certain lens focuses light from an object 2.75 m away as an image...
 23.46P: (a) What is the power of a 20.5cmfocallength lens?______________...
 23.47P: A stamp collector uses a converging lens with focal length 24 cm to...
 23.48P: A ?5.5D lens is held 14.0 cm from an object 4.0 mm high. What are ...
 23.49P: An 80mmfocallength lens is used to focus an image on the film of...
 23.50P: It is desired to magnify reading material by a factor of 2.5× when ...
 23.51P: An object is located 1.5 m from an 8.0D lens. By how much does the...
 23.52P: How far from a converging lens with a focal length of 25 cm should ...
 23.53P: (a) How far from a 50.0mmfocallength lens must an object be plac...
 23.54P: Repeat for a ?50.0mmfocallength lens. [Hint: consider objects re...
 23.55P: (a) A 2.00cmhigh insect is 1.20 m from a 135mmfocallength lens...
 23.56P: How far apart are an object and an image formed by a 75cmfocalle...
 23.57P: A bright object and a viewing screen are separated by a distance of...
 23.59P: A diverging lens with f = ?31.5 cm is placed 14.0 cm behind a conve...
 23.58P: Two 28.0cmfocallength converging lenses are placed 16.5 cm apart...
 23.60P: A 31.0cmfocallength converging lens is 21.0 cm behind a divergin...
 23.61P: The two converging lenses of Example 23–12 are now placed only 20.0...
 23.62P: Two converging lenses are placed 30.0 cm apart. The focal length of...
 23.63P: A diverging lens with a focal length of ?14 cm is placed 12 cm to t...
 23.64P: Two lenses, one converging with focal length 20.0 cm and one diverg...
 23.65P: A diverging lens is placed next to a converging lens of focal lengt...
 23.66P: A double concave lens has surface radii of 34.2 cm and 23.8 cm. Wha...
 23.67P: Both surfaces of a double convex lens have radii of 31.0 cm. If the...
 23.68P: A planoconcave lens (n = 1.50) has a focal length of ?23.4 cm. What...
 23.69P: A Lucite planoconcave lens (see Fig. 23–29b) has one flat surface a...
 23.70P: A symmetric double convex lens with a focal length of 25.0 cm is to...
 23.71P: A prescription for a corrective lens calls for +1.50D. The lensmake...
 23.72GP: Two plane mirrors face each other 2.0 m apart as in Fig. 23–53. You...
 23.73GP: We wish to determine the depth of a swimming pool filled with water...
 23.74GP: The critical angle of a certain piece of plastic in air is ?C = 37....
 23.75GP: (a) A plane mirror can be considered a limiting case of a spherical...
 23.76GP: Stand up two plane mirrors so they form a 90° angle as in Fig. 23–5...
 23.77GP: Show analytically that a diverging lens can never form a real image...
 23.78GP: Each student in a physics lab is assigned to find the location wher...
 23.79GP: If the apex angle of a prism is ? = 72° (see Fig. 23–56), what is t...
 23.80GP: The end faces of a cylindrical glass rod (n = 1.54) are perpendicul...
 23.81GP: A lighted candle is placed 33 cm in front of a converging lens of f...
 23.83GP: In a slide or movie projector, the film acts as the object whose im...
 23.84GP: A 35mm slide (picture size is actually 24 by 36 mm) is to be proje...
 23.86GP: A movie star catches a reporter shooting pictures of her at home. S...
 23.87GP: How large is the image of the Sun on film used in a camera with (a)...
 23.88GP: (a) An object 34.5 cm in front of a certain lens is imaged 8.20 cm ...
 23.91GP: An object is placed 15 cm from a certain mirror. The image is half ...
 23.92GP: (a) Show that the lens equation can be written in the Newtonian for...
 23.93GP: A converging lens with focal length of 10.0 cm is placed in contact...
Solutions for Chapter 23: Physics: Principles with Applications 6th Edition
Full solutions for Physics: Principles with Applications  6th Edition
ISBN: 9780130606204
Solutions for Chapter 23
Get Full SolutionsThis expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 124 problems in chapter 23 have been answered, more than 240652 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter. Chapter 23 includes 124 full stepbystep solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Physics: Principles with Applications, edition: 6. Physics: Principles with Applications was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780130606204.

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parallel

any symbol
average (indicated by a bar over a symbol—e.g., v¯ is average velocity)

°C
Celsius degree

°F
Fahrenheit degree