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Solutions for Chapter 24: Chemistry of the Nonmetals

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780134874371 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780134874371

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780134874371 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 24: Chemistry of the Nonmetals

Solutions for Chapter 24
4 5 0 321 Reviews
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780134874371

Summary of Chapter 24: Chemistry of the Nonmetals

Since 73 problems in chapter 24: Chemistry of the Nonmetals have been answered, more than 411 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by Aimee Notetaker and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134874371. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 5. Chapter 24: Chemistry of the Nonmetals includes 73 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activity series.

    A summary of the results of many possible displacement reactions. (4.4)

  • aldol addition reaction

    A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.

  • antibonding molecular orbital.

    A molecular orbital that is of higher energy and lower stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)

  • biodegradable polymers

    Polymers that can be broken down by enzymes produced by soil microorganisms.

  • calorie

    A unit of energy; it is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1 °C from 14.5 °C to 15.5 °C. A related unit is the joule: 1 cal = 4.184 J. (Section 5.1)

  • cation.

    An ion with a net positive charge. (2.5)

  • Charles’s law

    A law stating that at constant pressure, the volume of a given quantity of gas is proportional to absolute temperature. (Section 10.3)

  • complementary colors

    Colors that, when mixed in proper proportions, appear white or colorless. (Section 23.5)

  • density

    The ratio of an object’s mass to its volume. (Section 1.4)

  • dextrorotatory, or merely dextro or d

    A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the right (clockwise). (Section 23.4)

  • diastereomers

    Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of one another.

  • high-resolution mass spectrometry

    A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.

  • hydrocarbons

    Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen. (Section 2.9)

  • molar mass

    The mass of one mole of a substance in grams; it is numerically equal to the formula weight in atomic mass units. (Section 3.4)

  • Oil

    When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature

  • oxyacid

    A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)

  • Reactive intermediate

    A high-energy species formed between two successive reaction steps, that lies in an energy minimum between the two transition states

  • solvent

    The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the component of a solution present in the greater amount. (Section 4.1)

  • solvent extraction

    A process by which one or more compounds are removed from a mixture of organic compounds, based on a difference in solubility and/or acid-base properties.

  • Wolff-Kishner reduction

    Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)