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Solutions for Chapter 5: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 5

Solutions for Chapter 5
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 13
Author: Theodore E. Brown
ISBN: 9780321910417

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Chapter 5 includes 268 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. Since 268 problems in chapter 5 have been answered, more than 65296 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid.

    A substance that yields hydrogen ions (H1) when dissolved in water. (2.7)

  • Bile acid

    A cholesterol-derived detergent molecule, such as cholic acid, which is secreted by the gallbladder into the intestine to assist in the absorption of dietary lipids.

  • Brønsted-Lowry acid

    A proton donor

  • chemical nomenclature

    The rules used in naming substances. (Section 2.8)

  • conformation

    A three-dimensional shape that can be adopted by a compound as a result of rotation about single bonds.

  • Enamine

    An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2

  • enthalpy

    A quantity defined by the relationship H = E + PV; the enthalpy change, ?H, for a reaction that occurs at constant pressure is the heat evolved or absorbed in the reaction: ?H = qp. (Section 5.3)

  • gray (Gy)

    The SI unit for radiation dose

  • Hammond’s postulate

    The structure of the transition state for an exothermic step looks more like the reactants of that step than the products. Conversely, the structure of the transition state for an endothermic step looks more like the products of that step than the reactants.

  • heat of combustion

    The heat given off during a reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2 and water.

  • High-resolution mass spectrometry

    Instrumentation that is capable of separating ions that differ in mass by as little as 0.0001 amu

  • hydrogen bonding

    Bonding that results from intermolecular attractions between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to an electronegative element. The most important examples involve OH, NH, and HF. (Section 11.2)

  • oxidation number (oxidation state)

    A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)

  • Polycarbonate

    A polyester in which the carboxyl groups are derived from carbonic acid

  • proteins

    Polypeptide chains comprised of more than 40 or 50 amino acids.

  • quaternary ammonium salt

    An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.

  • Reaction mechanism

    A step-by-step description of how a chemical reaction occurs.

  • SN2 reaction

    A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • syndiotactic

    A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which have alternating configuration.

  • Woodward-Fieser rules

    Rules for predicting the wavelength of maximum absorption for a compound with extended conjugation.

Textbook Survival Guides

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