Solutions for Chapter 1: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 1

Solutions for Chapter 1
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown
ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 85 problems in chapter 1 have been answered, more than 70969 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 1 includes 85 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • atomic orbital

    A three-dimensional plot of y2 of a wavefunction. It is a region of space that can accommodate electron density.

  • atomic radius.

    One-half the distance between the two nuclei in two adjacent atoms of the same element in a metal. For elements that exist as diatomic units, the atomic radius is one-half the distance between the nuclei of the two atoms in a particular molecule. (8.3)

  • b-Pleated sheet

    A type of polypeptide secondary structure in which sections of polypeptide chains are aligned parallel or antiparallel to one another.

  • bidentate ligand

    A ligand in which two linked coordinating atoms are bound to a metal. (Section 23.3)

  • collision model

    A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)

  • Constitutional isomers

    Compounds with the same molecular formula but a different connectivity of their atoms

  • Dalton’s law of partial pressures

    A law stating that the total pressure of a mixture of gases is the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (Section 10.6)

  • enantiomers

    Two mirror-image molecules of a chiral substance. The enantiomers are nonsuperimposable. (Section 23.4)

  • Enthalpy change, DH

    The difference in total bond strengths and solvation between various points under comparison on a reaction coordinate diagram

  • epimer

    Diastereomers that differ from each other in the configuration of only one chirality center.

  • Excited state

    A state of a system at higher energy than the ground state.

  • Fingerprint region

    Vibrations in the region 1500 to 400 cm21 of an IR spectrum are complex and diffi cult to analyze but are characteristic for different molecules.

  • homogeneous equilibrium

    The equilibrium established between reactant and product substances that are all in the same phase. (Section 15.4)

  • internal alkyne

    A compound with the structure R!C#C!R, where each R group is not a hydrogen atom.

  • limiting reactant (limiting reagent)

    The reactant present in the smallest stoichiometric quantity in a mixture of reactants; the amount of product that can form is limited by the complete consumption of the limiting reactant. (Section 3.7)

  • lone pair

    A pair of unshared, or nonbonding, electrons.

  • peptide

    A chain comprised of a small number of amino acid residues.

  • phospholipids

    Esterlike derivatives of phosphoric acid.

  • Photons

    An alternative way to describe electromagnetic radiation as a stream of particles

  • plane of symmetry

    A plane that bisects a compound into two halves that are mirror images of each other.

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