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Solutions for Chapter 28: Organic Chemistry 7th Edition

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781269406772 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9781269406772

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781269406772 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 28

Solutions for Chapter 28
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: Paula Yurkanis Bruice
ISBN: 9781269406772

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 66 problems in chapter 28 have been answered, more than 169840 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781269406772. Chapter 28 includes 66 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkanes

    Compounds of carbon and hydrogen containing only carbon–carbon single bonds. (Sections 2.9 and 24.2)

  • atom.

    The basic unit of an element that can enter into chemical combination. (2.2)

  • closed system.

    A system that enables the exchange of energy (usually in the form of heat) but not mass with its surroundings. (6.2)

  • complex lipid

    A lipid that readily undergoes hydrolysis in aqueous acid or base to produce smaller fragments.

  • critical mass

    The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)

  • Energy

    The ability to do work.

  • enzymes

    Important biological molecules that catalyze virtually all cellular processes.

  • Hund’s rule

    A rule stating that electrons occupy degenerate orbitals in such a way as to maximize the number of electrons with the same spin. In other words, each orbital has one electron placed in it before pairing of electrons in orbitals occurs. (Section 6.8)

  • Inductive effect

    The polarization of the electron density of a covalent bond caused by the electronegativity of a nearby atom.

  • metal complex

    An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases bonded to it. (Section 23.2)

  • metallic hydrides

    Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with transition metals; these compounds contain the hydride ion, H-. (Section 22.2)

  • Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique that gives information about the number and types of atoms in a molecule, for example, hydrogens (1 H!NMR) and carbons (13C!NMR)

  • Nucleophilicity

    A kinetic property measured by the rate at which a nucleophile causes nucleophilic substitution on a reference compound under a standardized set of experimental conditions.

  • ozone

    The name given to O3, an allotrope of oxygen. (Section 7.8)

  • Primary structure of proteins

    The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.

  • Reaction coordinate diagram

    A graph showing the energy changes that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis.

  • reducing sugar

    A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.

  • Secondary (2°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen

  • SN2 reaction

    A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • weak deactivators

    Groups that weakly deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby decreasing the rate of the reaction.

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