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Solutions for Chapter 4: Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change - Standalone book | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780073511177 | Authors: Martin Silberberg Dr., Patricia Amateis Professor

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change - Standalone book | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780073511177

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change - Standalone book | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780073511177 | Authors: Martin Silberberg Dr., Patricia Amateis Professor

Solutions for Chapter 4: Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions

Solutions for Chapter 4
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change - Standalone book
Edition: 7
Author: Martin Silberberg Dr., Patricia Amateis Professor
ISBN: 9780073511177

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change - Standalone book, edition: 7. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change - Standalone book was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073511177. Since 157 problems in chapter 4: Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions have been answered, more than 39075 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 4: Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions includes 157 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Activating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.

  • addition reaction.

    A reaction in which one molecule adds to another. (24.2)

  • bond enthalpy

    The enthalpy change, ?H, required to break a particular bond when the substance is in the gas phase. (Section 8.8)

  • configuration

    The 3D spatial orientation of the groups connected to a chirality center (R or S ) or of the groups in a stereoisiomeric alkene (E or Z).

  • conformation

    A three-dimensional shape that can be adopted by a compound as a result of rotation about single bonds.

  • Coulomb’s law.

    The potential energy between two ions is directly proportional to the product of their charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them. (9.3)

  • dextrorotatory

    A compound that rotates plane-polarized light in a clockwise direction (+).

  • Dieckmann cyclization

    An intramolecular Claisen condensation.

  • geometric isomerism

    A form of isomerism in which compounds with the same type and number of atoms and the same chemical bonds have different spatial arrangements of these atoms and bonds. (Sections 23.4 and 24.4)

  • hydride shift

    A type of carbocation rearrangement that involves the migration of a hydride ion (H-).

  • Ionization potential (IP)

    The minimum energy required to remove an electron from an atom or molecule to a distance where there is no electrostatic interaction between the resulting ion and electron.

  • isotactic

    A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which all have the same configuration.

  • levorotatory

    A compound thatrotates plane-polarized light in a counterclockwisedirection (-).

  • physical changes

    Changes (such as a phase change) that occur with no change in chemical composition. (Section 1.3)

  • Reductive elimination

    Elimination of two substituents at a metal center, causing the oxidation state of the metal to decrease by two.

  • s-cis

    A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).

  • Sandmeyer reactions

    Reactions that utilize copper salts (CuX) and enable the installation of a halogen or a cyano group on an aromatic ring.

  • sodium cyanoborohydride

    A selective reducing agent (NaBH3CN) that can be used for reductive amination.

  • solvation

    The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle. (Section 13.1)

  • Thermoplastic

    A polymer that can be melted and molded into a shape that is retained when it is cooled.

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