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Solutions for Chapter 15: Organic Chemistry 8th Edition

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780321768414

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Solutions for Chapter 15

Solutions for Chapter 15
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

Chapter 15 includes 36 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321768414. Since 36 problems in chapter 15 have been answered, more than 167985 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acceptor impurities.

    Impurities that can accept electrons from semiconductors. (21.3)

  • arenium ion

    The positively charged, resonance-stabilized, intermediate of anelectrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. Also called a sigma complex.

  • Aromatic compound

    A term used initially to classify benzene and its derivatives. More accurately, it is used to classify any compound that meets the Hückel criteria for aromaticity (Section 21.2A).

  • axial position

    For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is parallel to a vertical axis passing through the center of the ring.

  • beta elimination

    An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.

  • catenation.

    The ability of the atoms of an element to form bonds with one another. (22.3)

  • chemical energy.

    Energy stored within the structural units of chemical substances. (6.1)

  • Chlorofl uorocarbons (CFCs, Freons)

    Compounds with one or two carbons, chlorine, and fl uorine, formerly used as refrigerants

  • delocalization

    The spreading of a charge or lone pair as described by resonance theory.

  • Diastereotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions

  • dispersion forces

    Intermolecular forces resulting from attractions between induced dipoles. Also called London dispersion forces. (Section 11.2)

  • effective nuclear charge

    The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-electron atom; this charge is not the full nuclear charge because there is some shielding of the nucleus by the other electrons in the atom. (Section 7.2)

  • electron spin

    A property of the electron that makes it behave as though it were a tiny magnet. The electron behaves as if it were spinning on its axis; electron spin is quantized. (Section 6.7)

  • Enolate anion

    An anion derived by loss of a hydrogen from a carbon alpha to a carbonyl group; the anion of an enol.

  • halohydrin formation

    A reaction which involves the addition of a halogen and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.

  • heat of reaction

    The heat given off during a reaction.

  • mass spectrometry

    The study ofthe interaction between matter and an energysource other than electromagnetic radiation. Massspectrometry is used primarily to determine the molecular weight and molecular formula of a compound.

  • pascal (Pa)

    The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N >m2 . (Section 10.2)

  • secondary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to exactly two alkyl groups.

  • solvolysis

    A substitution reaction in which the solvent functions as the nucleophile.

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