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Solutions for Chapter 19: Organic Chemistry 2nd Edition

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781118454312

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Solutions for Chapter 19

Solutions for Chapter 19
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 2
Author: David R. Klein
ISBN: 9781118454312

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781118454312. Since 51 problems in chapter 19 have been answered, more than 80358 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 19 includes 51 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 2.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • autoionization

    The process whereby water spontaneously forms low concentrations of H+1aq2 and OH-1aq2 ions by proton transfer from one water molecule to another. (Section 16.3)

  • bimolecular

    For mechanisms, a step that involves two chemical entities.

  • Bond dipole moment

    A measure of the polarity of a covalent bond. The product of the charge on either atom of a polar bond times the distance between the atoms

  • C terminus

    For a peptide chain,the end that contains the COOH group. carbinolamine (Sect. 20.6): A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and a nitrogen atom, both of which are connceted to the same carbon atom.

  • Cation

    An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.

  • chemical equilibrium

    A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)

  • condensed structure

    A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.

  • disrotatory

    In electrocyclicreactions, a type of rotation in which the orbitalsbeing used to form the new s bond must rotate in opposite directions (one rotates clockwise while the other rotates counterclockwise).

  • electron configuration

    The arrangement of electrons in the orbitals of an atom or molecule (Section 6.8)

  • Fischer projection

    A twodimensional representation of a molecule; in these projections, groups on the right and left are by convention in front, while those at the top and bottom are to the rear.

  • Furanose

    A fi ve-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.

  • heterogeneous alloy

    An alloy in which the components are not distributed uniformly; instead, two or more distinct phases with characteristic compositions are present. (Section 12.3)

  • isoelectric point (pI)

    For an amino acid, the specific pH at which the concentration of the zwitterionic form reaches its maximum value.

  • kinetics

    A term that refers to the rate of a reaction.

  • Markovnikov addition

    In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.

  • nucleophilic aromatic substitution

    A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.

  • Polymer

    From the Greek, poly 1 meros, meaning many parts. Any long-chain molecule synthesized by linking together many single parts called monomers

  • polynucleotide

    A polymer constructed from nucleotides linked together.

  • resonance hybrid

    A term used to describe the character of a chemical entity (molecule, ion, or radical) exhibiting more than one significant resonance structure.

  • smectic liquid crystalline phase

    A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned along their long axes and arranged in sheets, with the ends of the molecules aligned. There are several different kinds of smectic phases. (Section 12.8)

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