Solutions for Chapter 19: Organic Chemistry 2nd Edition

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781118454312

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Solutions for Chapter 19

Solutions for Chapter 19
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 2
Author: David R. Klein
ISBN: 9781118454312

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9781118454312. Since 51 problems in chapter 19 have been answered, more than 40374 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 19 includes 51 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 2.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • asymmetric hydrogenation

    The addition of H2 across only one face of a p bond.

  • biodegradable

    Organic material that bacteria are able to oxidize. (Section 18.4)

  • chemical bond

    A strong attractive force that exists between atoms in a molecule. (Section 8.1)

  • Diamagnetic current in NMR

    The circulation of electron density in a molecule in an applied magnetic fi eld.

  • electrophile

    A compound containing an electron-deficient atom that is capable of accepting a pair of electrons.

  • Enamine

    An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2

  • free induction decay

    In NMR spectroscopy, a complex signal which is a combination of all of the electrical impulses generated by each type of proton.

  • frequency

    For electromagnetic radiation, the number of wavelengths that pass a particular point in space per unit time.

  • lanthanide contraction

    The gradual decrease in atomic and ionic radii with increasing atomic number among the lanthanide elements, atomic numbers 57 through 70. The decrease arises because of a gradual increase in effective nuclear charge through the lanthanide series. (Section 23.1)

  • mean free path

    The average distance traveled by a gas molecule between collisions. (Section 10.8)

  • metathesis (exchange) reaction

    A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)

  • microstate

    The state of a system at a particular instant; one of many possible energetically equivalent ways to arrange the components of a system to achieve a particular state. (Section 19.3)

  • nitrogen rule

    In mass spectrometry, an odd molecular weight indicates an odd number of nitrogen atoms in the compound, while an even molecular weight indicates either an even number of nitrogen atoms or the absence of nitrogen.

  • qualitative analysis

    The determination of the presence or absence of a particular substance in a mixture. (Section 17.7)

  • resonance

    A method that chemists use to deal with the inadequacy of bond-line drawings.

  • sp2 Hybrid orbital

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and two 2p atomic orbitals.

  • spin-spin splitting

    A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms, in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.

  • three-center, two-electron bonds

    A bond in which two electrons are associated with three atoms, such as in diborane (B2H6).

  • ylide

    A compound with two oppositely charged atoms adjacent to each other.

  • Zwitterion

    An internal salt of an amino acid; the carboxylate is negatively charged, and the ammonium group is positively charged

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