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Solutions for Chapter 6: Thermochemistry

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 6: Thermochemistry

Solutions for Chapter 6
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

Summary of Chapter 6: Thermochemistry

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 6: Thermochemistry includes 432 full step-by-step solutions. Since 432 problems in chapter 6: Thermochemistry have been answered, more than 1284016 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acidic anhydride (acidic oxide)

    An oxide that forms an acid when added to water; soluble nonmetal oxides are acidic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)

  • Activation energy

    The difference in Gibbs free energy between reactants and a transition state

  • Benzyl group (C6H5CH2!)

    The group derived from toluene by removing a hydrogen from its methyl group.

  • Benzyne intermediate

    A reactive intermediate formed by b-elimination from adjacent carbon atoms of a benzene ring and having a triple bond in the benzene ring. The second p bond of the benzyne triple bond is formed by the weak overlap of coplanar 2p orbitals on adjacent carbons.

  • carboxylic acids.

    Acids that contain the carboxyl group —COOH. (24.4)

  • chemical formula.

    An expression showing the chemical composition of a compound in terms of the symbols for the atoms of the elements involved. (2.6)

  • complex lipid

    A lipid that readily undergoes hydrolysis in aqueous acid or base to produce smaller fragments.

  • Condensation polymerization

    A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers. Also called step-growth polymerization.

  • Diels-Alder adduct

    A cyclohexene resulting from the cycloaddition reaction of a diene and a dienophile.

  • energy

    The capacity to do work or to transfer heat. (Section 5.1)

  • gas constant (R)

    The constant of proportionality in the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)

  • Glycol

    A compound with hydroxyl (!OH) groups on adjacent carbons.

  • metathesis (exchange) reaction

    A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)

  • mole fraction

    The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)

  • nucleon

    A particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 21.1)

  • Organic synthesis

    A series of reactions by which a set of organic starting materials is converted to a more complicated structure.

  • phospholipid

    A form of lipid molecule that contains charged phosphate groups. (Section 24.9)

  • Resolution

    Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.

  • solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2

    An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)

  • solute

    A substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution; it is normally the component of a solution present in the smaller amount. (Section 4.1)