Solutions for Chapter 18: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Solutions for Chapter 18

Solutions for Chapter 18
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5
Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Since 114 problems in chapter 18 have been answered, more than 281408 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 18 includes 114 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkanes.

    Hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n12, where n 5 1,2, . . . . (24.2)

  • alternating copolymers

    A copolymer that contains an alternating distribution of repeating units.

  • base ionization constant (Kb).

    The equilibrium constant for the base ionization. (15.6)

  • Brønsted-Lowry base

    A compound that can serve as a proton acceptor.

  • Conjugated

    A conjugated diene or carbonyl is one in which the double bonds are separated by one single bond

  • d-Monosaccharide

    A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the right.

  • dehydrohalogenation

    An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and a halogen (such as Cl, Br, or I).

  • Diastereotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions

  • dihydroxylation

    A reaction characterized by the addition of two hydroxyl groups (OH) across an alkene.

  • Hess’s law

    The heat evolved in a given process can be expressed as the sum of the heats of several processes that, when added, yield the process of interest. (Section 5.6)

  • intensive property

    A property that is independent of the amount of material considered, for example, density. (Section 1.3)

  • molality

    The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per kilogram of solvent; abbreviated m. (Section 13.4)

  • neutron

    An electrically neutral particle found in the nucleus of an atom; it has approximately the same mass as a proton. (Section 2.3)

  • primary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to only one alkyl group.

  • R

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A clockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as R.

  • retention of configuration

    During a reaction, when the configuration of a chirality center remains unchanged.

  • secondary cell

    A voltaic cell that can be recharged. (Section 20.7)

  • silica

    Common name for silicon dioxide. (Section 22.4)

  • spontaneous process

    A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction, as written or described, without needing to be driven by an outside source of energy. A process may be spontaneous even though it is very slow. (Section 19.1)

  • van der Waals forces

    A group of intermolecular attractive forces including dipole-dipole, dipole-induced dipole, and induced dipole-induced dipole (dispersion) forces

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