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Solutions for Chapter 18: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 18

Solutions for Chapter 18
4 5 0 287 Reviews
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Since 114 problems in chapter 18 have been answered, more than 437880 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 18 includes 114 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Activation energy

    The difference in Gibbs free energy between reactants and a transition state

  • alditol

    The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is reduced.

  • antiaromatic

    Instability that arises when a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals contains 4n p electrons.

  • chelating agent.

    A substance that forms complex ions with metal ions in solution. (23.3)

  • chemical properties

    Properties that describe a substance’s composition and its reactivity; how the substance reacts or changes into other substances. (Section 1.3)

  • Circular DNA

    A type of double-stranded DNA in which the 59 and 39 ends of each strand are joined by phosphodiester groups.

  • Deactivating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be lower than that for benzene.

  • hydride ion

    An ion formed by the addition of an electron to a hydrogen atom: H-. (Section 7.7)

  • Inductive effect

    The polarization of the electron density of a covalent bond caused by the electronegativity of a nearby atom.

  • intermolecular forces

    The short-range attractive forces operating between the particles that make up the units of a liquid or solid substance. These same forces also cause gases to liquefy or solidify at low temperatures and high pressures. (Chapter 11: Introduction)

  • Ionization potential (IP)

    The minimum energy required to remove an electron from an atom or molecule to a distance where there is no electrostatic interaction between the resulting ion and electron.

  • metallic bond

    Bonding, usually in solid metals, in which the bonding electrons are relatively free to move throughout the three-dimensional structure. (Section 8.1)

  • nonaromatic

    A compound that lacks a ring with a continuous system of overlapping p orbitals.

  • Nucleoside

    A building block of nucleic acids, consisting of d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose bonded to a heterocyclic aromatic amine base by a b-N-glycosidic bond

  • Pericyclic reaction

    A reaction that takes place in a single step, without intermediates, and involves a cyclic redistribution of bonding electrons

  • Raman spectroscopy

    A vibrational molecular spectroscopy that is complementary to infrared (IR) spectroscopy in that infrared inactive vibrations are seen in Raman spectroscopy.

  • Sandmeyer reactions

    Reactions that utilize copper salts (CuX) and enable the installation of a halogen or a cyano group on an aromatic ring.

  • Strecker synthesis

    A synthetictechnique for preparing racemic a-amino acidsfrom aldehydes.

  • Syndiotactic polymer

    A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene

  • Z

    For alkenes, a stereodescriptor that indicates that the two priority groups are on the same side of the p bond.

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