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Write Lewis structures for the following | Ch 9 - 9.43

Chemistry | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780078021510 | Authors: Raymond Chang; Kenneth Goldsby ISBN: 9780078021510 98

Solution for problem 9.43 Chapter 9

Chemistry | 12th Edition

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Chemistry | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780078021510 | Authors: Raymond Chang; Kenneth Goldsby

Chemistry | 12th Edition

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Problem 9.43

Write Lewis structures for the following molecules and ions: (a) NCl3, (b) OCS, (c) H2O2, (d) CH3COO2, (e) CN2, (f) CH3CH2NH3 1.

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Abnormal Psychology (Psychological Disorders, Psychopathology) some type of disfunction • Approaches to Understanding Abnormal Behavior • statistical approach: how far away from average on the normal curve of whatever is plotted (usually more than 2 standard deviations means abnormal) • sociological approach: normal in one culture might be very abnormal in another culture • psychoanalytical approach: problems caused by early childhood experiences involving aggression and sex (unconscious) • behavioral approach: problem is due to learning • cognitive approach: thinking is the problem, often depression (do dark thoughts cause depression or does depression cause dark thoughts) • biological approach: caused by genetics (hormones) • **interactionist approach: modern approach, mental illness is caused by an interaction of all of the approaches Diagnosing Psychological Disorders • DSM-II (Neurotic and Psychotic): Diagnostic and Statistical Model of Disorders • all disorders were divided into neurotic, causing excessive anxiety (phobias, OCD) and psychotic, a break with reality, not experiencing the same things as people around them (schizophrenia) • DSM-V: current edition, includes • anxiety disorders • somataform disorders • dissociative disorders • psychosexual disorders • personality disorders • mood disorders • schizophrenic disorders • substance use disorders Anxiety Disorders • Generalized Anxiety Disorder: non-specific (about a number of things) anxiety that persists for six months or more • Panic Disorder: characterized by panic attacks or fear of having a panic attack (inability to catch one’s breath, heart racing) • Phobic Disorder: unusual fear that is hard to understand • agoraphobia: fear of public places Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) • • obsession: anxiety producing thought that you can not get out of your head • compulsion: behavior designed to control the excessive thought • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) • formerly known as Shell-Shock and Battle Fatigue • emotionally distraught after an event including trauma • some people are more vulnerable Somataform Disorders (Not Psychosomatic) soma = body • • unusual bodily complaints, all in the head, imaginary • Conversion Disorder (formerly Hysteria): converting some kind of psychological stress or anxiety into a physical symptom • Freud: having a hysteria when someone does not want to have sex • hysterical: overly excited • Glove anesthesia: uterus has wandered into a woman’s wrist, losing feelings in hand, Freud • Hysterical deafness or blindness: thinks they are no longer able to hear or see, can actually happen • psychosomatic: psychological damage to the soma, person who has a lot of stress causes a real problem in the body • ex. ulcer Dissociative Disorders • dissociate: to break into pieces humans have the capacity to dissociate (conscious and unconscious mind) due • to psychological factors • Psychogenic (Dissociative) Amnesia: dissociate to the point where you don't know who you are, • retrograde amnesia produced by stress • Fugue state: leaving the situation and starting a new life • Dissociative Identity Disorder (was Multiple Personality Disorder): people have one personality that has been broken into pieces The Corruption of Reality: A unified Theory of Religion, Hypnosis and Psychpathology, by Schumaker, 1995 • religions help us process transitions in life, what rituals should we follow • religion was created to help us cope with reality religions help us dissociate from anxiety, ways to reduce an altered state • • all psychological problems are dissociative • anxiety based mechanism is helping you dissociate from something else that is really causing the anxiety Psychosexual Disorders • Sexual Dysfunction • function of sex is to draw two people together into meaningful relationships so that they can maybe eventually raise children successfully • dysfunctional if it is preventing you from getting into a meaningful relationship • Paraphilias: unusual attraction, not normal but next to normal love • Fetishism: more obsessed with one physical attribute than the actual person • Transvestite: only wants to wear the clothing of the opposite sex • more often men who want to dress as women • Exhibitionism: someone that wants to expose them self • Voyeurism: peeking at people without them knowing Sadism: pleasure from inflicting physical or psychological pain on another • • Masochism: aroused by being bound, beaten, or made to suffer physical pain or humiliation • Pedophilia: child molesters • Zoophilia: sexual fixation on animals • bestiality: cross species sexual activity between human and non human animals • Gender Identity Disorders (Transexual): strong, persistent feelings of identification with the opposite gender and discomfort with one’s own assigned sex, desire to live as members of the opposite sex Personality Disorders • odd or eccentric behavior • Paranoid: extreme and pervasive suspiciousness, mistrust, and envy of others, hypersensitivity and difficulty getting along with others • Schizoid: very cold, aloof, and socially isolated, unable to form close relationships • Schizotypal: oddities or eccentricities in thought, perception, speech, or behavior not severe enough to be diagnosed as schizophrenic, extreme social isolation • Dramatic or Emotional Histrionic: overly dramatic behavior expressed as drawing attention to oneself, • tendency to be dependent on others but poor interpersonal skills • Narcissistic: grandiose sense of self importance, demands for constant attention, little empathy for others • Antisocial (sociopath, psychopath): continuous pattern of utter disregard for the rights of others and the rules of society • Borderline: instability in several areas including mood, self image, behavior, and interpersonal relationships, chronic inclination to be indecisive and uncertain about important life issues • Anxious or Fearful • Avoidant: hypersensitive to the possibility of being rejected by others, low self esteem • Dependent: extremely poor self image and lack of self confidence, unable to tolerate being alone • Obsessive/Compulsive: excessive preoccupation with rules and regulations and the need to do things “by the book”, inflexible Mood (Affective) Disorders • Major Depression: deep and persistent depression over an extended period of time • ability to function may become so impaired that hospitalization is warranted • irritable, breakdown in interpersonal relationships • Prozac • Bipolar Disorder (formerly Manic-Depression): intermittent episodes of depression and mania (highly energized behavior) not triggered by identifiable events •Lithium Seasonal Affective Disorder: diagnostic category in which major depression or • bipolar depression recurrently follows a seasonal pattern (depression in winter) • Suicide Schizophrenic Disorders (Psychotic) • hallucinations: most often voices hat seem to be coming from outside the persons head • delusions of: •grandeur: person thinks they are someone more important than they are •persecution: thinks other people are out to get them •reference: thinks random events are a message to them from the universe •control: thinks other people are controlling their thoughts and behaviors • four types •catatonic: person is in a comatose state, not conscious and cannot talk to them • rigid: just laying there waxy, flexible: can move them in any position and they will stay • •paranoid •disorganized: do not speak in any way that makes sense, seem like wandering homeless people • word salad •undifferentiated: not clearly one or another type, symptoms of more than one Substance Use Disorders (alcoholism, drug addiction) • warning signs: •daily use •using to cope •using when alone or secret use •impaired social or occupational functioning: no longer doing your best at something because of using the substance •black-outs •physical dependence including fear of withdrawal • genetic component: it may involve the ability to get pleasure from ordinary events like a sunset • is the problem the drug or the person AA and the 12 step programs: group setting •

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Chapter 9, Problem 9.43 is Solved
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Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 12
Author: Raymond Chang; Kenneth Goldsby
ISBN: 9780078021510

This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 25 chapters, and 3241 solutions. Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780078021510. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 9.43 from chapter: 9 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 09/09/17, 04:35AM. The answer to “Write Lewis structures for the following molecules and ions: (a) NCl3, (b) OCS, (c) H2O2, (d) CH3COO2, (e) CN2, (f) CH3CH2NH3 1.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 22 words. Since the solution to 9.43 from 9 chapter was answered, more than 306 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 12.

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Write Lewis structures for the following | Ch 9 - 9.43