×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

Solutions for Chapter 8: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 8

Solutions for Chapter 8
4 5 0 318 Reviews
20
2
Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

Since 111 problems in chapter 8 have been answered, more than 316176 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 8 includes 111 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • [4+2]-cycloaddition

    A pericyclic reaction, also called a Diels-Alder reaction, that takes place between two different p systems, one of which is associated with four atoms while the other is associated with two atoms.

  • Anti conformation

    A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.

  • antiaromatic

    Instability that arises when a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals contains 4n p electrons.

  • bonding molecular orbital.

    A molecular orbital that is of lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)

  • boundary surface diagram.

    Diagram of the region containing a substantial amount of the electron density (about 90 percent) in an orbital. (7.7)

  • chain-growth polymer

    A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.

  • chelate effect

    The generally larger formation constants for polydentate ligands as compared with the corresponding monodentate ligands. (Section 23.3)

  • degenerate

    Having the same energy.

  • galvanic cell

    See voltaic cell. (Section 20.3)

  • Haworth projection

    A way to view furanose and pyranose forms of monosaccharides. The ring is drawn fl at and most commonly viewed through its edge with the anomeric carbon on the right and the oxygen atom of the ring to the rear

  • Hydrogen bonding

    The attractive interaction between a hydrogen atom bonded to an atom of high electronegativity (most commonly O or N) and a lone pair of electrons on another atom of high electronegativity (again, most commonly O or N).

  • hydrolysis

    A reaction in which bonds are cleaved by treatment with water.

  • ligand

    An ion or molecule that coordinates to a metal atom or to a metal ion to form a complex. (Section 23.2)

  • N-bromosuccinimide

    A reagent used for allylic bromination to avoid a competing reaction in which bromine adds across the p bond.

  • Peptide bond

    The special name given to the amide bond formed between the a-amino group of one amino acid and the a-carboxyl group of another amino acid

  • second law of thermodynamics

    A statement of our experience that there is a direction to the way events occur in nature. When a process occurs spontaneously in one direction, it is nonspontaneous in the reverse direction. It is possible to state the second law in many different forms, but they all relate back to the same idea about spontaneity. One of the most common statements found in chemical contexts is that in any spontaneous process the entropy of the universe increases. (Section 19.2)

  • sp-hybridized

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with only one p orbital to form two hybridized atomic orbitals.

  • Specifi c rotation

    The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).

  • syndiotactic

    A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which have alternating configuration.

  • tertiary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to three alkyl groups.