Solutions for Chapter 8: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 8

Solutions for Chapter 8
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown
ISBN: 9780321696724

Since 111 problems in chapter 8 have been answered, more than 60007 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 8 includes 111 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Baeyer-Villiger oxidation

    A reaction in which a ketone is treated with a peroxy acid and is converted into an ester via the insertion of an oxygen atom.

  • Carbocation

    A species in which a carbon atom has only six electrons in its valence shell and bears a positive charge

  • conformation

    A three-dimensional shape that can be adopted by a compound as a result of rotation about single bonds.

  • dipole moment (m)

    The amount of partial charge (d ) on either end of a dipole multiplied by the distance of separation (d): m=d × d

  • Electrophilic aromatic substitution

    A reaction in which there is substitution of an electrophile, E1, for a hydrogen on an aromatic ring

  • face-centered lattice

    A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located at the faces and corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)

  • Heterocyclic aromatic amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is one of the atoms of an aromatic ring.

  • High-resolution mass spectrometry

    Instrumentation that is capable of separating ions that differ in mass by as little as 0.0001 amu

  • Imine

    A compound containing a carbon-nitrogen double bond, R2C"NR’; also called a Schiff base

  • Index of hydrogen defi ciency

    The sum of the number of rings and p bonds in a molecule.

  • Lewis acid

    Any molecule or ion that can form a new covalent bond by accepting a pair of electrons.

  • nomenclature

    A system for naming organic compounds.

  • Nonpolar covalent bond

    A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is less than approximately 0.5.

  • osmosis

    The net movement of solvent through a semipermeable membrane toward the solution with greater solute concentration. (Section 13.5)

  • overlap

    The extent to which atomic orbitals on different atoms share the same region of space. When the overlap between two orbitals is large, a strong bond may be formed. (Section 9.4)

  • polyurethanes

    Polymers made up of repeating urethane groups, also sometimes called carbamate groups (!N!CO2!).

  • secondary structure

    The manner in which a protein is coiled or stretched. (Section 24.7)

  • spin-spin splitting

    A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms, in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.

  • Torsional strain

    Strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by three bonds are forced from a staggered conformation to an eclipsed conformation. Torsional strain is also called eclipsed-interaction strain.

  • Transition state

    The highest energy point on a reaction coordinate diagram. The chemical structure at this point is commonly called an activated complex.

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