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Solutions for Chapter 7: The Economy

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 7: The Economy

Solutions for Chapter 7
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3. Chapter 7: The Economy includes 384 full step-by-step solutions. Since 384 problems in chapter 7: The Economy have been answered, more than 315750 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Anomeric carbon

    The hemiacetal or acetal carbon of the cyclic form of a carbohydrate

  • Anomers

    Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.

  • Arrhenius equation

    An equation that relates the rate constant for a reaction to the frequency factor, A, the activation energy, Ea, and the temperature, T: k = Ae-Ea>RT. In its logarithmic form it is written ln k = -Ea>RT + ln A. (Section 14.5)

  • atomic weight

    The average mass of the atoms of an element in atomic mass units (amu); it is numerically equal to the mass in grams of one mole of the element. (Section 2.4)

  • biodegradable polymers

    Polymers that can be broken down by enzymes produced by soil microorganisms.

  • boiling point.

    The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the external atmospheric pressure. (11.8)

  • carboxylic acids.

    Acids that contain the carboxyl group —COOH. (24.4)

  • cation

    A positively charged ion. (Section 2.7)

  • chlorophyll

    A plant pigment that plays a major role in conversion of solar energy to chemical energy in photosynthesis. (Section 23.3)

  • degenerate

    A situation in which two or more orbitals have the same energy. (Section 6.7)

  • elimination-addition

    A reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.

  • Meta (m)

    Refers to groups occupying 1,3-positions on a benzene ring.

  • nonpolar covalent bond

    A covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally. (Section 8.4) normal boiling point The boiling point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.5)

  • Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique that gives information about the number and types of atoms in a molecule, for example, hydrogens (1 H!NMR) and carbons (13C!NMR)

  • nucleophilic aromatic substitution

    A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.

  • protecting group

    A group that is used during synthesis to protect a functional group from the reaction conditions.

  • quintet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.

  • secondary structure

    The manner in which a protein is coiled or stretched. (Section 24.7)

  • spin magnetic quantum number 1ms2

    A quantum number associated with the electron spin; it may have values of +12 or -12. (Section 6.7)

  • Vibrational infrared region

    A common type of spin-spin coupling involving the H atoms on two C atoms that are bonded to each other.

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