Solutions for Chapter 7: The Economy

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 7: The Economy

Solutions for Chapter 7
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3rd
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3rd. Chapter 7: The Economy includes 384 full step-by-step solutions. Since 384 problems in chapter 7: The Economy have been answered, more than 236480 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • addition to p bond

    One of the six kinds of arrow-pushing patterns used in drawing mechanisms for radical reactions. A radical adds to a p bond, destroying the p bond and generating a new radical.

  • Aprotic solvent

    A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide

  • collision model

    A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)

  • combination reaction.

    A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)

  • continuous-wave (CW) spectrometer

    An NMR spectrometer that holds the magnetic field constant and slowly sweeps through a range of rf frequencies, monitoring which frequencies are absorbed.

  • cycloalkanes.

    Alkanes whose carbon atoms are joined in rings. (24.2)

  • formal charge

    A charge associated with any atom that does not exhibit the appropriate number of valence electrons.

  • high-resolution mass spectrometry

    A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.

  • hydrogen deficiency index (HDI)

    A measure of the number of degrees of unsaturation in a compound.

  • metathesis (exchange) reaction

    A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)

  • nucleus

    The very small, very dense, positively charged portion of an atom; it is composed of protons and neutrons. (Section 2.2)

  • oxidation number (oxidation state)

    A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)

  • retrosynthetic analysis

    A systematic set of principles that enable the design of a synthetic route by working backward from the desired product.

  • Ring current

    An applied magnetic fi eld causes the p electrons of an aromatic ring to circulate, giving rise to the so-called ring current and an associated magnetic fi eld that opposes the applied fi eld in the middle of the ring but reinforces the applied fi eld on the outside of the ring.

  • secondary

    A term used to indicate that exactly two alkyl groups are attached directly to a particular position. For example, a secondary carbocation has two alkyl groups attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).

  • stereospecific

    A reaction in which the configuration of the product is dependent on the configuration of the starting material.

  • Tertiary (3°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to three carbons

  • thermodynamic control

    A reaction for which the ratio of products is determined solely by the distribution of energy among the products.

  • Triglyceride (triacylglycerol)

    An ester of glycerol with three fatty acids

  • Valence electrons

    Electrons in the valence (outermost) shell of an atom.

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