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Solutions for Chapter 5: Alkenes: Structure, Nomenclature, and an Introduction to Reactivity • Thermodynamics and Kinetics

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781269406772 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9781269406772

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781269406772 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 5: Alkenes: Structure, Nomenclature, and an Introduction to Reactivity • Thermodynamics and Kinetics

Solutions for Chapter 5
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: Paula Yurkanis Bruice
ISBN: 9781269406772

Summary of Chapter 5: Alkenes: Structure, Nomenclature, and an Introduction to Reactivity • Thermodynamics and Kinetics

Alkenes play many important roles in biology. For example, ethene the smallest alkene, is a plant hormone—a compound that controls growth and other changes in the plant’s tissues. Among other things, ethene affects seed germination, flower maturation, and fruit ripening. Many of the flavors and fragrances produced by plants also belong to the alkene family.

Chapter 5: Alkenes: Structure, Nomenclature, and an Introduction to Reactivity • Thermodynamics and Kinetics includes 81 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781269406772. Since 81 problems in chapter 5: Alkenes: Structure, Nomenclature, and an Introduction to Reactivity • Thermodynamics and Kinetics have been answered, more than 498882 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activated complex.

    The species temporarily formed by the reactant molecules as a result of the collision before they form the product. (13.4)

  • alpha (a) helix

    For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when a portion of the protein twists into a spiral.

  • alpha (a) position

    The position immediately adjacent to a functional group.

  • anode

    An electrode at which oxidation occurs. (Section 20.3)

  • cell voltage.

    Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)

  • collision model

    A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)

  • compound semiconductor

    A semiconducting material formed from two or more elements. (Section 12.7)

  • critical pressure (Pc).

    The minimum pressure necessary to bring about liquefaction at the critical temperature. (11.8)

  • Hund’s rule

    A rule stating that electrons occupy degenerate orbitals in such a way as to maximize the number of electrons with the same spin. In other words, each orbital has one electron placed in it before pairing of electrons in orbitals occurs. (Section 6.8)

  • imidazole

    A compound containing a five-membered ring that is similar to pyrrole but has one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.

  • internal alkyne

    A compound with the structure R!C#C!R, where each R group is not a hydrogen atom.

  • oxonium ion

    An intermediate with a positively charged oxygen atom.

  • parent ion

    In mass spectrometry,the ion that is generated when the compound is ionized.

  • Polar covalent bond

    A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is between approximately 0.5 and 1.9.

  • polarization

    For light, the orientation of the electric field.

  • radioactive

    Possessing radioactivity, the spontaneous disintegration of an unstable atomic nucleus with accompanying emission of radiation. (Section 2.2; Chapter 21: Introduction)

  • Restriction endonuclease

    An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a particular phosphodiester bond within a DNA strand.

  • termination

    In radical reactions, a step in which two radicals are joined to give a compound with no unshared electrons.

  • torsional strain

    The difference in energy between staggered and eclipsed conformations (for example, in ethane).

  • VSEPR theory

    Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.