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Solutions for Chapter 7: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 7

Solutions for Chapter 7
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

Since 115 problems in chapter 7 have been answered, more than 164215 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. Chapter 7 includes 115 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkoxy substituent

    An OR group.

  • atomic radius

    An estimate of the size of an atom. See bonding atomic radius. (Section 7.3)

  • boat conformation

    A conformation of cyclohexane in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and many hydrogen atoms are eclipsing each other.

  • chair conformation

    The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.

  • Chemical shift (d)

    The shift in parts per million of an NMR signal relative to the signal of TMS

  • concentration

    The quantity of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (Section 4.5)

  • Edman degradatio

    A method for selectively cleaving and identifying the N-terminal amino acid of a polypeptide chain.

  • graft copolymer

    A polymer that contains sections of one homopolymer that have been grafted onto a chain of the other homopolymer.

  • Hofmann rule

    Any b-elimination that occurs preferentially to give the less substituted alkene as the major product.

  • Nitrogen rule

    A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio

  • photon

    The smallest increment (a quantum) of radiant energy; a photon of light with frequency n has an energy equal to hn. (Section 6.2)

  • Polyester

    A polymer in which each monomer unit is joined to the next by an ester bond, as, for example, poly(ethylene terephthalate).

  • R

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A clockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as R.

  • Reduction

    The gain of electrons. Alternatively, either the gain of hydrogen, loss of oxygen, or both

  • regioselective

    A reaction that can produce two or more constitutional isomers but nevertheless produces one as the major product.

  • saponification

    Hydrolysis of an ester in the presence of a base. (Section 24.4)

  • sigma 1S2 bond

    A covalent bond in which electron density is concentrated along the internuclear axis. (Section 9.6)

  • SN1

    A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • vicinal

    A term used to describe two identical groups attached to adjacent carbon atoms.

  • Wittig reaction

    A reaction that converts an aldehyde or ketone into an alkene, with the introduction of one or more carbon atoms.

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