When tert-butyl bromide is heated with an equal amount of ethanol in an inert solvent, one of the products is ethyl tert-butyl ether.
(a) What happens to the reaction rate if the concentration of ethanol is doubled?
(b) What happens to the rate if the concentration of tert-butyl bromide is tripled and the concentration of ethanol is doubled?
(c) What happens to the rate if the temperature is raised?
This is a type of SN1 reaction, here the rate of reaction is influenced by the concentration of reactant i.e tert-butyl bromide.
As the concentration of the reactant increases the rate of product formation will also increases.
a). There will be no effect
b). The rate of product formation will be tripled.
c). Increase in temperature facilitate the collision between the reactant , which further increases the rate of reactions.