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Solutions for Chapter 15: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 15

Solutions for Chapter 15
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Chapter 15 includes 109 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Since 109 problems in chapter 15 have been answered, more than 500382 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aromatic compound

    A term used initially to classify benzene and its derivatives. More accurately, it is used to classify any compound that meets the Hückel criteria for aromaticity (Section 21.2A).

  • Bicycloalkane

    An alkane containing two rings that share two carbons

  • bond length.

    The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)

  • carbonyl group

    A CRO bond. carboxylic acid derivative (Sect. 21.6): A compound that is similar in structure to a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) but the OH group of the carboxylic acid has been replaced with a different group, Z, where Z is a heteroatom such as Cl, O, N, etc. Nitriles (R!C#N) are also considered to be carboxylic acid derivatives because they have the same oxidation state as carboxylic acids.

  • coupling (of radicals)

    A radical process in which two radicals join together and form a bond.

  • Cyanohydrin

    A molecule containing an !OH group and a !CN group bonded to the same carbon.

  • diastereotopic

    Nonequivalent protons for which the replacement test produces diastereomers.

  • Freons

    CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.

  • Graham’s law

    A law stating that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molecular weight. (Section 10.8)

  • Haworth projection

    For substituted cycloalkanes, a drawing style used to clearly identify which groups are above the ring and which groups are below the ring. (See also Sect. 4.14.)

  • hypothesis

    A tentative explanation of a series of observations or of a natural law. (Section 1.3)

  • Lewis acid

    Any molecule or ion that can form a new covalent bond by accepting a pair of electrons.

  • meso compound

    A compound that possesses chirality centers and an internal plane of symmetry.

  • optically active

    A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.

  • polypeptide

    A polymer of amino acids that has a molecular weight of less than 10,000. (Section 24.7)

  • radical inhibitor

    A compound that prevents a radical chain process from either getting started or continuing.

  • radical initiator

    A compound with a weak bond that undergoes homolytic bond cleavage with great ease, producing radicals that can initiate a radical chain process.

  • Thermoplastic

    A polymer that can be melted and molded into a shape that is retained when it is cooled.

  • Wolff-Kishner reduction

    Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)

  • Zaitsev product

    The more substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.

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