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In each of Examples 8.10, 8.11, and 8.12 (Section 8.4),

University Physics | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321675460 | Authors: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman ISBN: 9780321675460 31

Solution for problem 11DQ Chapter 8

University Physics | 13th Edition

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University Physics | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321675460 | Authors: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman

University Physics | 13th Edition

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Problem 11DQ

In each of Examples 8.10, 8.11, and 8.12 (Section 8.4), verify that the relative velocity vector of the two bodies has the same magnitude before and after the collision. In each case, what happens to the ?direction? of the relative velocity vector?

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 11DQ Introduction In all cases the velocity before and after collisions are calculated. So we will just calculate the relative velocities and see how the magnitude changes. We will also see how the direction changes before and after collision. Step 1 In example 8.10 the initial velocity of the block A and B are V Ai= 2 m/s and v bi 2 m/s Hence the relative velocity B with respect to A is V BA,i= V Ai+ V Bi = 2.00 m/s + ( 2.00 m/s) = 4.00 m/s And the final velocities are v Af= 1 m/s and v Bf = 3 m/s Hence the relative velocity of B with respect to A in after collision is v BA,f= V Af + V Bf = ( 1 m/s) + (3 m/s) = 4 m/s. Hence the magnitude remain same. Step 2 In the example of 8.11, the initial velocities of neutron and carbon atoms are v = 2.6 × 10 m/s and v = 0 ni ci And the final velocities are 7 7 v nf= 2.2 × 10 m/s and v = ci4 × 10 m/s Hence the initial relative velocity of neutron with respect to carbon is v cni= v civ =ni0 m/s) + (2.6 × 10 m/s) = 2.6 × 10 m/s 7 Now the final relative velocity is 7 7 6 v cnf= v cfv nf = (0.4 × 10 m/s) + ( 2.2 × 10 m/s) = 2.6 × 10 m/s So the magnitude of the relative velocity remains same. Step 4 In the example 8.12, the initial velocity of the mass A is v = 4.00 m/s along the x axis and the initla a1 velocity of mass B is v = 0. hence the initial relative velocity of A with respect to B is b1 V ba = v b1+ v a1 = 0 + 4.00 m/s = 4.00 m/s The final velocity of A is 2.00 m/s at an angle 36.9 degree from x axis. So in the component form it can be written as v = (2.00 m/s)cos(36.9°)i + (2.00 m/s)sin(36.9°)j = (1.60 m/s)i + (1.20 m/s)j ˆ af Now the final velocity of B is 4.47 m/s and at an angle 26.6° below the positive x axis. Hence in component form we can write that v bf= (4.47 m/s)cos( 26.6°)i + (4.47 m/s)sin( 26.6°)j = (4.00 m/s)i (2.00 m/s)j ˆ Hence the relative velocity A with respect to B is ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ v ba,i= v bf+ v af= [(4.00 m/s)i + (2.00 m/s)j] + [(1.60 m/s)i (1.20 m/s)j] = ( 2.4 m/s)i + ( 3.2 m/s)j Hence the magnitude of the velocity is 2 2 |vba,f| = ( 2.4 m/s) + ( 3.2 m/s) = 4.00 m/s Hence the magnitude remains same. Step 4 As we can see from the sign of the relative velocities, the direction in the first and second example become opposite to the initial direction. In the second case the direction is = tan (1 3.2) = 53.1° 2.4 So in the third case the direction is 53.1° above the x axis.

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Chapter 8, Problem 11DQ is Solved
Step 4 of 4

Textbook: University Physics
Edition: 13
Author: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman
ISBN: 9780321675460

University Physics was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321675460. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 11DQ from chapter: 8 was answered by , our top Physics solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:07PM. Since the solution to 11DQ from 8 chapter was answered, more than 500 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: University Physics, edition: 13. This full solution covers the following key subjects: relative, velocity, Vector, happens, direction. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 26 chapters, and 2929 solutions. The answer to “In each of Examples 8.10, 8.11, and 8.12 (Section 8.4), verify that the relative velocity vector of the two bodies has the same magnitude before and after the collision. In each case, what happens to the ?direction? of the relative velocity vector?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 42 words.

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