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Energy Sharing in Elastic Collisions. A stationary object

University Physics | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321675460 | Authors: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman ISBN: 9780321675460 31

Solution for problem 94P Chapter 8

University Physics | 13th Edition

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University Physics | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321675460 | Authors: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman

University Physics | 13th Edition

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Problem 94P

Energy Sharing in Elastic Collisions?. A stationary object with mass ?mB? is struck head-on by an object with mass ?mA? that is moving initially at speed ?v?0. (a) If the collision is elastic, what percentage of the original energy does each object have after the collision? (b) What does your answer in part (a) give for the special cases (i) ?mA? = ?mB? and (ii) ?mA? = 5?mB?? (c) For what values, if any, of the mass ratio mA?/?mB? is the original kinetic energy shared equally by the two objects after the collision?

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Lecture Notes March 9 , 2016 Reproduction and Development  Anatomy and Physiology o Gametogenesis- the production of gametes  Spermatogenesis- production of sperm- in the testes located in a sack like structure called the scrotum- occurs continuously throughout a male’s reproductive life  Testes have two functional components o Seminiferous tubules- where the sperm is produced o Interstitial Cells- secrete the male sex hormone- testosterone  During spermatogenesis the cells lining the seminiferous tubules are called 1° spermatocytes (2N)  2° spermatocytes (N)  become spermatids ----differentiation (lose cytoplasm and grow tail) Sperm (Spermatozoa)  Sperm have little food reserve and die within 72 hours, but in very low temperatures they can survive for years  Men must release 100 million sperm during intercourse to be considered fertile- some men release 1 billion per ejaculation  Oogenesis- production of eggs in the ovaries- suspended in the abdominal cavity  Two functions of ovaries o Produce the oocytes o Secrete female sex hormones- estrogen and progesterone  Begins before the female is born o Oogonia 1° oocytes (2N) (born with 3-400K) 2° oocytes o Happens once a month only one created  During cytokinesis one of the two cells formed during meiosis gets less cytoplasm- polar body 1  Secondary oocytes are in a sack structure called the follicle  At puberty ovaries begin to release one 2° oocyte every 28 days- ovulation  Ovulation begins when a follicle near the surface of the ovary begins to grow and fill with fluid  Eventually the pressure inside the follicle becomes so great that it ruptures and the 2° oocyte is released into the abdominal cavity  Meiosis II only occurs if the 2° oocyte is penetrated by a sperm  During Meiosis II another polar body is formed- three of the four eggs disintegrate  Once the true egg is formed- fertilization can take place and the zygote 2N is formed Lecture Notes  Since the female has been carrying 1° oocyte for many years the chances that mutations have occurred is much higher than for male sperm o Of the 3-400K oocytes only 13 are ovulated each year o Not very many are released throughout a females life and they will all disintegrate around the age of 50 o Male Reproductive Tract  A coiled tube called the epididymis lies on the surface of the testes and carries the sperm to the vasteferens  That’s what gets cut when you have a vasectomy  Vasteferens (2) run into the abdominal cavity and join the urethra just beyond the point where it leaves the bladder  The urethra passes through the penis and empties to the outside  As the sperm passes through the vasterferens and the urethra seminal fluids added to form semen (seminal fluid + sperm = semen)  Seminal fluid is produced by three glands o Seminal vesicles o Prostate o Cowper’s  Seminal Fluid has four main functions o Vehicle for the transport of sperm o Lubrication of passages o Chemical buffer against the acids in the female reproductive tract o Contains sugars- provide sugars which provide energy to the sperm o Female Reproductive Tract  From the ovary 2° oocyte travels through the abdominal cavity and is swept into the oviduct/ fallopian tube  The swept down the fallopian tube into the uterus  Uterus- pair shaped and muscular  If 2° oocyte is entered by a sperm meiosis II occurs, egg is fertilized and implants on uterine wall  If egg is not penetrated it passes through the cervix into the vagina during menstruation

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Chapter 8, Problem 94P is Solved
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Textbook: University Physics
Edition: 13
Author: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman
ISBN: 9780321675460

This full solution covers the following key subjects: collision, Energy, Object, mass, original. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 26 chapters, and 2929 solutions. The answer to “Energy Sharing in Elastic Collisions?. A stationary object with mass ?mB? is struck head-on by an object with mass ?mA? that is moving initially at speed ?v?0. (a) If the collision is elastic, what percentage of the original energy does each object have after the collision? (b) What does your answer in part (a) give for the special cases (i) ?mA? = ?mB? and (ii) ?mA? = 5?mB?? (c) For what values, if any, of the mass ratio mA?/?mB? is the original kinetic energy shared equally by the two objects after the collision?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 93 words. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 94P from chapter: 8 was answered by , our top Physics solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:07PM. Since the solution to 94P from 8 chapter was answered, more than 302 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: University Physics, edition: 13. University Physics was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321675460.

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Energy Sharing in Elastic Collisions. A stationary object