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Solved: Assign an oxidation state to each atom in each

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 48P Chapter 16

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 48P

Assign an oxidation state to each atom in each compound.

(a)  CH4

(b) CH2Cl2

(c) CuCl2

(d) HI

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 48P:

Here, we are going to find out the oxidation state of each atom in each of the compound.

Step 1:  (a)  CH4

Hydrogen  belongs to Group (I) element. It has one single valence electron ,that can be easily donate or shared to form bond with C atom.

Thus, in  CH4, Hydrogen has 1+ oxidation state.

Step 2: On the other hand,

Let us consider the oxidation state of Carbon in CH4 i s x

X+ 4 x(1+) =0

X = 4-

Therefore,

Carbon has 4- oxidation state in CH4 molecule

Thus, in CH4, the oxidation state of C is 4- and hydrogen is 1+.

(b) CH2Cl2

Step 3: Hydrogen  belongs to Group (I) element. It has one single valence electron ,that can be easily donate or shared to form bond with C atom.

Thus, in  CH2Cl2 , Hydrogen has 1+ oxidation state.

On the other hand, Cl belongs to Group(VIIA) in the periodic table. It has the highest electronegativity among all the atoms in CH2Cl2.  Therefore, it has a strong tendency to accept one single electron to attain a stable noble gas configuration. Thus, Cl has 1- oxidation state.

Step 4:

Let us consider the oxidation state of Carbon in CH2Cl2 i s x

X+ 2 x(1+)+2(1-) =0

X = 0

Therefore,

Carbon has 0 oxidation state in CH2Cl2 molecule

Thus, in CH2Cl2, the oxidation state of C is 0,  hydrogen is 1+ and Chlorine (Cl) is 1-.

(c) CuCl2

Step 5 of 7

Chapter 16, Problem 48P is Solved
Step 6 of 7

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Since the solution to 48P from 16 chapter was answered, more than 804 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. This full solution covers the following key subjects: assign, atom, compound, cucl, oxidation. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2045 solutions. The answer to “Assign an oxidation state to each atom in each compound.(a) CH4(b) CH2Cl2(c) CuCl2(d) HI” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 14 words. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 48P from chapter: 16 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM.

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Solved: Assign an oxidation state to each atom in each

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