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Solutions for Chapter 8: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 8

Solutions for Chapter 8
4 5 0 339 Reviews
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Chapter 8 includes 102 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 102 problems in chapter 8 have been answered, more than 499455 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absolute zero

    The lowest attainable temperature; 0 K on the Kelvin scale and -273.15 °C on the Celsius scale. (Section 1.4)

  • Aprotic acid

    An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.

  • Atactic polymer

    A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene

  • band

    An array of closely spaced molecular orbitals occupying a discrete range of energy. (Section 12.4)

  • Bile acid

    A cholesterol-derived detergent molecule, such as cholic acid, which is secreted by the gallbladder into the intestine to assist in the absorption of dietary lipids.

  • closed system.

    A system that enables the exchange of energy (usually in the form of heat) but not mass with its surroundings. (6.2)

  • coal

    A naturally occurring solid containing hydrocarbons of high molecular weight, as well as compounds containing sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen. (Section 5.8)

  • crystallization

    The process in which molecules, ions, or atoms come together to form a crystalline solid. (Section 13.2)

  • Elastomer

    A material that, when stretched or otherwise distorted, returns to its original shape when the distorting force is released.

  • free radical

    A substance with one or more unpaired electrons. (Section 21.9)

  • Hydrogen bonding

    The attractive interaction between a hydrogen atom bonded to an atom of high electronegativity (most commonly O or N) and a lone pair of electrons on another atom of high electronegativity (again, most commonly O or N).

  • mass

    A measure of the amount of material in an object. It measures the resistance of an object to being moved. In SI units, mass is measured in kilograms. (Section 1.4)

  • Nucleophilic substitution

    Any reaction in which one nucleophile is substituted for another at a tetravalent carbon atom.

  • Observed rotation

    the number of degrees through which a compound rotates the plane of polarized light

  • Oxidative addition

    Addition of a reagent to a metal center causing it to add two substituents and to increase its oxidation state by two

  • periodic table

    The arrangement of elements in order of increasing atomic number, with elements having similar properties placed in vertical columns. (Section 2.5)

  • precipitate

    An insoluble substance that forms in, and separates from, a solution. (Section 4.2)

  • symmetrical ether

    An ether (R!O!R) where both R groups are identical.

  • tetrahedral

    The geometry of an atom with four bonds separated from each other by 109.5°.

  • Valence electrons

    Electrons in the valence (outermost) shell of an atom.

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