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Solutions for Chapter 8: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 8

Solutions for Chapter 8
4 5 0 235 Reviews
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Chapter 8 includes 102 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 102 problems in chapter 8 have been answered, more than 377966 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkaloids

    Naturally occurring amines isolated from plants.

  • Amino group

    A compound containing an sp3 -hybridized nitrogen atom bonded to one, two, or three carbon atoms

  • aromatic hydrocarbon.

    A hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings. (24.1)

  • base ionization constant (Kb).

    The equilibrium constant for the base ionization. (15.6)

  • benzylic position

    A carbon atom that is immediately adjacent to a benzene ring.

  • Birch reduction

    A reaction in which benzene is reduced to give 1,4-cyclohexadiene.

  • Boyle’s law.

    The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant temperature is inversely proportional to the gas pressure. (5.3)

  • Carbanion

    An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.

  • conductor.

    Substance capable of conducting electric current. (21.3)

  • Deshielding

    The term used to express the concept of less shielding in NMR

  • elimination (of radicals)

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.

  • Entropy (S)

    Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable

  • ligand

    An ion or molecule that coordinates to a metal atom or to a metal ion to form a complex. (Section 23.2)

  • Mass spectrum

    A plot of the relative abundance of ions versus their mass-to-charge ratio

  • molal freezing-point-depression constant (Kf)

    A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the decrease in freezing point as a function of solution molality: ?Tf = -Kf m. (Section 13.5)

  • Oxidative addition

    Addition of a reagent to a metal center causing it to add two substituents and to increase its oxidation state by two

  • Photolysis

    Cleavage by light.

  • Plane-polarized light

    Light oscillating in only parallel planes.

  • sp3 Hybrid orbital

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and three 2p atomic orbitals.

  • thermosetting resins

    Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.

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