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Solutions for Chapter 8: Quantities in Chemical Reactions

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 8: Quantities in Chemical Reactions

Solutions for Chapter 8
4 5 0 366 Reviews
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Summary of Chapter 8: Quantities in Chemical Reactions

The numerical relationship between chemical quantities in a balanced chemical equation is called reaction stoichiometry. Stoichiometry allows us to predict the amounts of products that form in a chemical reaction based on the amounts of reactants.

Chapter 8: Quantities in Chemical Reactions includes 102 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 102 problems in chapter 8: Quantities in Chemical Reactions have been answered, more than 1708143 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Activating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.

  • aldaric acid

    A dicarboxylic acid that is produced when an aldose or ketose is treated with a strong oxidizing agent, such as HNO3.

  • alkanes.

    Hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n12, where n 5 1,2, . . . . (24.2)

  • alkyl group

    A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)

  • Azeotrope

    A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.

  • capillary action

    The process by which a liquid rises in a tube because of a combination of adhesion to the walls of the tube and cohesion between liquid particles. (Section 11.3)

  • coal

    A naturally occurring solid containing hydrocarbons of high molecular weight, as well as compounds containing sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen. (Section 5.8)

  • condensation polymer

    A polymer,that is formed via a condensation reaction.

  • Dalton’s law of partial pressures.

    The total pressure of a mixture of gases is just the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (5.6)

  • delocalized electrons

    Electrons that are spread over a number of atoms in a molecule or a crystal rather than localized on a single atom or a pair of atoms. (Section 9.6)

  • free radical

    A substance with one or more unpaired electrons. (Section 21.9)

  • intensive property

    A property that is independent of the amount of material considered, for example, density. (Section 1.3)

  • octet rule

    The observation that second-row elements (C, N, O, and F) will form the necessary number of bonds so as to achieve a full valence shell (eight electrons).

  • Oil

    When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature

  • optically active

    A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.

  • porphyrin

    A complex derived from the porphine molecule. (Section 23.3)

  • precipitate

    An insoluble substance that forms in, and separates from, a solution. (Section 4.2)

  • solvation

    The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle. (Section 13.1)

  • sulfide

    A compound that is similar in structure to an ether, but the oxygen atom has been replaced with a sulfur atom. Also called a thioether.

  • thiols

    Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).