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Solutions for Chapter 18: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach 3rd Edition

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 18

Solutions for Chapter 18
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 286 problems in chapter 18 have been answered, more than 316187 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 18 includes 286 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Absorbance (A)

    A quantitative measure of the extent to which a compound absorbs radiation of a particular wavelength. A 5 log (I0/I ) where I0 is the incident radiation and I is the transmitted radiation

  • activation energy (Ea)

    The minimum energy needed for reaction; the height of the energy barrier to formation of products. (Section 14.5)

  • alcohol.

    An organic compound containing the hydroxyl group —OH. (24.4)

  • amino sugars

    Carbohydrate derivatives in which an OH group has been replaced with an amino group.

  • bent

    A type of geometry resulting from an sp3-hybridized atom that has two lone pairs. For example, the oxygen atom in H2O.

  • beta (b) rays.

    Electrons. (2.2)

  • Bimolecular reaction

    A reaction in which two species are involved in the rate-determining step.

  • decomposition reaction

    A chemical reaction in which a single compound reacts to give two or more products. (Section 3.2)

  • Grignard reagent

    A carbanion with the structure RMgX.

  • homogeneous equilibrium

    The equilibrium established between reactant and product substances that are all in the same phase. (Section 15.4)

  • ionic compound

    A compound composed of cations and anions. (Section 2.7)

  • Lipid bilayer

    A back-to-back arrangement of phospholipid monolayers, often forming a closed vesicle or membrane.

  • melt transition temperature (Tm)

    The temperature at which the crystallineregions of a polymer become amorphous.

  • n+1 rule

    In NMR spectroscopy, if n is the number of neighboring protons, then the multiplicity will be n+1.

  • Photosensitizer

    A compound that absorbs light and transfers the energy to another molecule.

  • racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • single bond

    A covalent bond involving one electron pair. (Section 8.3)

  • Stereoisomers

    Isomers that have the same molecular formula and the same connectivity of their atoms but a different orientation of their atoms in space

  • Steric strain

    The strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by four or more bonds are forced closer to each other than their atomic (contact) radii would allow. Steric strain is also called non-bonded interaction strain, or van der Waals strain.

  • tetrahedral

    The geometry of an atom with four bonds separated from each other by 109.5°.

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