Solutions for Chapter 18: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach 3rd Edition

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 18

Solutions for Chapter 18
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3rd
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 286 problems in chapter 18 have been answered, more than 239329 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 18 includes 286 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3rd.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • addition polymers

    Polymers that are formed via cationic addition, anionic addition, or free-radical addition.

  • alkoxide

    The conjugate base of an alcohol.

  • amphoteric

    Compounds that will react with either acids or bases. Amino acids are amphoteric.

  • annulenes

    Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is [6]annulene.

  • Basicity

    An equilibrium property measured by the position of equilibrium in an acid-base reaction, as, for example, the acid-base reaction between ammonia and water.

  • Birch reduction

    A reaction in which benzene is reduced to give 1,4-cyclohexadiene.

  • broadband decoupling

    In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which all 13C!1H splitting is suppressed with the use of two rf transmitters.

  • Chair conformation

    The most stable nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring; all bond angles are approximately 109.5°, and all bonds on adjacent carbons are staggered.

  • electronegativity

    A measure of the ability of an atom that is bonded to another atom to attract electrons to itself. (Section 8.4)

  • Electrophilic aromatic substitution

    A reaction in which there is substitution of an electrophile, E1, for a hydrogen on an aromatic ring

  • exothermic

    Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).

  • fracking

    The practice in which water laden with sand and other materials is pumped at high pressure into rock formations to release natural gas and other petroleum materials. (Section 18.4)

  • Friedel-Crafts reaction

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.

  • methyl shift

    A type of carbocation rearrangement in which a methyl group migrates.

  • Polarimeter

    An instrument for measuring the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light.

  • Resolution

    Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.

  • reverse osmosis

    The process by which water molecules move under high pressure through a semipermeable membrane from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution. (Section 18.4)

  • solution

    A mixture of substances that has a uniform composition; a homogeneous mixture. (Section 1.2)

  • third order

    A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is three

  • Zaitsev product

    The more substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.

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