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Solutions for Chapter 18: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach 3rd Edition

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 18

Solutions for Chapter 18
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 286 problems in chapter 18 have been answered, more than 463166 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 18 includes 286 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid

    A substance that is able to donate a H+ ion (a proton) and, hence, increases the concentration of H+1aq2 when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)

  • Addition reaction

    A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms react with a double bond, forming a compound with the two new groups bonded to the carbons of the original double bond.

  • aldose

    A carbohydrate that contains an aldehyde group.

  • closest packing.

    The most efficient arrangements for packing atoms, molecules, or ions in a crystal. (11.4)

  • conjugate acid

    A substance formed by addition of a proton to a Brønsted–Lowry base. (Section 16.2)

  • diagonal relationship.

    Similarities between pairs of elements in different groups and periods of the periodic table. (8.6)

  • dihedral angle

    The angle by which two groups are separated in a Newman projection.

  • directed aldol addition

    A techniquefor performing a crossed aldol addition thatproduces one major product.

  • E1

    A unimolecular elimination reaction.

  • Elastomer

    A material that, when stretched or otherwise distorted, returns to its original shape when the distorting force is released.

  • exchange (metathesis) reaction

    A reaction between compounds that when written as a molecular equation appears to involve the exchange of ions between the two reactants. (Section 4.2)

  • fracking

    The practice in which water laden with sand and other materials is pumped at high pressure into rock formations to release natural gas and other petroleum materials. (Section 18.4)

  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL)

    Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.

  • oxidation number (oxidation state)

    A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)

  • primitive lattice

    A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located only at the corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)

  • pure substance

    Matter that has a fixed composition and distinct properties. (Section 1.2)

  • Radical

    Any chemical species that contains one or more unpaired electrons.

  • Ring current

    An applied magnetic fi eld causes the p electrons of an aromatic ring to circulate, giving rise to the so-called ring current and an associated magnetic fi eld that opposes the applied fi eld in the middle of the ring but reinforces the applied fi eld on the outside of the ring.

  • SN2

    A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • wedge

    In bond-line structures, a group in front of the page.

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