Write a generic Lewis structure for the halogens. Do the halogens tend to gain or lose electrons in chemical reactions? How many?
Here, we have to write the generic Lewis structure for halogens and determine if the halogens tend to gain or lose electrons in chemical reactions? If so, How many?
A Lewis structure is a graphic representation of the electron distribution around atoms. They illustrate the lone pairs of electrons in molecules. They are also called as Lewis dot diagrams and they are used as a simple way to show the configuration of atoms within a molecule.
The halogens are five non-metallic elements found in group 7A of the periodic table. The term "halogen" means "salt-former" and compounds containing halogens are called "salts", i.e They produce salts when reacted with metals. All halogens have 7 electrons in their outer shells.
The generic lewis structure of halogens is :
The Halogens are:
1. Fluorine(F) :
The lewis structure for F is :
2. Chlorine(Cl) :
The lewis structure for Cl is :
3. Bromine(Br) :
The lewis structure for Br is :
4. Iodine(I) :
The lewis structure for I is :
5. Astatine(At) :
The lewis structure for At is :